Scientific Name
Hemimyzon taitungensis  
Pronounce  
Hemimyzon taitungensis臺東間爬岩鰍
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Tzeng & Shen, 1982 Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 臺東間爬岩鰍 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 爬鰍科 Economic Fish No 
Family F107 Balitoridae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 臺東間吸鰍 
Max Length 12 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 石貼仔 
Distribution in World Taiwan [Endemic in Taiwan]   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Shin-wu-leu River, Lee-daou, Hai-duan, Taitung County, Taiwan 
Synonyms  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999)  Tzeng, C.-S. etc. 1982 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 
Specimen List NMMBP05570. NTHUB00766. NTHUB00777. NTHUB00897. NTHUB00913. NTHUB00914. NTHUB00915. NTHUB00925. NTHUB00930. NTHUB00942. NTHUB02241. NTHUB02242. NTHUB02243. NTHUB02244. NTHUB02245. NTHUB02255. NTHUB02331. NTHUB02335. NTUM04941. NTUM04963. NTUM04964. NTUM04965. NTUM04966. NTUM04967. NTUM04968. NTUM04969. NTUM04970. NTUM04971. NTUM04972. NTUM04973. NTUM05291. NTUM05292. NTUM05306. NTUM05310. USNM00300711. USNM00357418. ...List all 36 records... 
Common Name Taitung river loach 
Redlist Status II2009/4/1 COA, Taiwan Redlist: Critically Endangered   VU IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU) D2 1996-08-01   EN 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::EN
Characteristic Snout short, wider than depth. Mouth inferior, arched; three rostral fold in front of mouth. Four maxillary barbells in a row and well developed papillae in two rows on upper lip; two pairs of mandibular barbells at corner of mouth. Body thin, elongated, posterior laterally compressed; ventral profile horizontal to origin of anal; dorsal slightly horizontal. Scales tiny, ventral surface of head, thorax and abdomen naked, lateral line scales complete. L.l.:79-87; dorsal fin rays:3+8; pectoral fin rays:12-14+12-14; pelvic fin rays:6-7+10-12; anal fin rays:2+5; pectoral and pelvic fins laterally expanded; pelvic fins bases united; anus near the middle way between pelvic fin end and anal fin origin; caudal fin forked, lower lobe slightly longer than upper. Dorsal fin origin slightly behind pelvic fin origin. Greenish and blueish, irregularly dark blotches along back. Black stripes on dorsal and caudal fins. Resemble to H. formosanum, and can be distinguished by the united pelvic fin base and slender caudal peduncle of H. taitungensis.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, lives in moderately fast running water of high and middle elevation. Benthic. Polyphagia, feed on aquatic insects and diatom on rock. 
Distribution Endemic to eastern portion of Central Mountain Range (CMR) of Taiwan. Presently known from branches at high elevation of Hualien River, Hsiukuluan River and Peinan River. 
Utility