Scientific Name
Hemibarbus labeo  
Pronounce  
Hemibarbus labeo唇
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Pallas, 1776) Depth 5 - 20M
Chinese Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China  
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 竹篙頭、、真口魚、竹竿頭 
Distribution in World East Asia Continent、Taiwan   Distribution in Taiwan North 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Transbaikalia, Dauria; Onon River, Russia [Upper Lena River, Selenge and Upper Amur River] 
Synonyms Acanthogobio oxyrhynchus, Barbus labeo, Barbus schlegelii, Cyprinus labeo, Gobio barbus, Gobiobarbus labeo, Hemibarbus barbus, Hemibarbus longianalis, Pseudogobio chaoi   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ASIZP0057280. ASIZP0059357. ASIZP0060305. ASIZP0072628. ASIZP0072629. ASIZP0072630. ASIZP0074371. ASIZP0805311. ASIZP0805312. ASIZP0805313. ASIZP0915311. ASIZP0915312. ASIZP0915313. BMNH1865.5.2.14Syntype. NMMBP04500. NMMBP05456. NMMBP05980. NMMBP06624. NMMBP06624B. NMMBP06664. NMMSTP00716. NMNSF00075. NMNSF00529. NMNSF00642. NMNSF00750. NMNSF00778. NMNSF01053. NMNSF01369. NTHUB01934. NTHUB01975. NTHUB01984. NTHUB01995. NTMP0694. NTUM00371. NTUM01943. NTUM01949. NTUM01950. ...List all 49 records... 
Barcode2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Skin-carp; Steed; Amur barbel; Barbel steed 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     NT 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::NT
Characteristic Head large. Snout long. Eye moderately large, on upper side of head, interorbital space broad. Mouth moderately large, inferior, broad; lips thick. Body elongated, slightly compressed, belly rounded; dorsal profile slightly arched; ventral profile horizontal to anus. One pair of maxillary barbels at corner of mouth. Scales cycloid; lateral line complete. L.l.:44-48; dorsal fin rays:III, 7-8; pectoral fin rays:1+17-18; pelvic fin ray:1+8; anal fin rays:3+6. Pelvic fin origin at midline between snout tip and caudal peduncle end; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked; anus close to anal fin origin. Olive dorsally, side and belly silvery white. Irregular spots along back and 8-10 spots in a row on side of the young, disappeared when grow up.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers deep pools with running water at lower and middle reaches, form schools. Carnivorous, feed on shrimps and aquatic insects. 
Distribution Wildly distributed to eastern Asia, from Vietnam to Russia. In Taiwan, its’ habitats are limited, can be found only in Tanshui River and Touchien River. 
Utility Popular with angling. One of the biggest fishes of Taiwan.