Scientific Name
Spinibarbus hollandi  
Pronounce  
Spinibarbus hollandi何氏棘鲃
by: Chien-ping Tsan, C. H. Chang and Nian-Hong Jang-Liaw
Author Oshima, 1919 Depth 3 - 20M
Chinese 何氏棘鲃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 光倒刺鲃 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 更仔、留仔、捲仔 
Distribution in World Taiwan [Endemic in Taiwan]   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Sobun River near Tabani [Yujiing, Tainan], Taiwan 
Synonyms Barbodes elongatus, Spinibarbus elongatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  Oshima, M. 1919 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ANSP49949Holotype. ASIZP0060096. ASIZP0072636. ASIZP0072637. ASIZP0072638. ASIZP0075202. ASIZP0075203. ASIZP0805319. ASIZP0805320. ASIZP0805321. ASIZP0915319. ASIZP0915320. ASIZP0915321. ASIZP0916679. ASIZP0916680. FMNH59095Lectoype. FRIP03200. NMMBP05888. NMMSTP00819. NMNSF00001. NMNSF00189. NMNSF00932. NMNSF01374. NMNSF01482. NMNSF01625. NTHUB01498. NTHUB01499. NTHUB01882. NTHUB01886. NTHUB01887. NTHUB01888. NTHUB01932. NTMP0607. NTMP1402. NTOUP200802-168. NTOUP200910-095. NTOUP201005-236. ...List all 43 records... 
Barcode2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Yu-Ming,CO1,100%
Common Name Holland's crap 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     NT 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::NT
Characteristic Head moderately large, slightly pointed. Snout blunt, protractile. Eye small, on upper side of head. Mouth slightly oblique; posterior end of upper jaw reaches anterior margin of eye; two pairs of barbels, maxillary barbels longer than mandibular barbels at corner of mouth. Body elongated, cylindrical, posterior laterally compressed, belly rounded; dorsal profile slightly arched. Scales large, cycloid; lateral line complete. L.l.:26-28; dorsal fin rays:3+8, with a forward directed spine in front of dorsal fin origin covered by scales; pelvic fin rays:1+8; anal fin rays:3+5. Dorsal fin origin in front of pelvic fin origin; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked. Olive grayish dorsally, side and belly silvery white. Paired fins orange in the young, and turn to grayish when grow up; dark margin on dorsal, caudal and anal fins.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers running water with rocky substrate at middle reaches. Carnivorous, feeds on small fish, crustacean and aquatic insects. 
Distribution Endemic in Taiwan. 
Utility Popular with angling and aquarium. Large in size, potential aquaculture species.