Scientific Name
Naso lituratus  
Naso lituratus黑背鼻魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forster, 1801) Depth 0 - 90M
Chinese 黑背鼻魚 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 頰吻鼻魚 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 剝皮仔、打鐵婆、鬼角(臺東)、老娘(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Tahiti 
Synonyms Acanthurus lituratus, Aspisurus carolinarum, Callicanthus lituratus, Monoceros garretti, Naso literatus, Prionurus eoume   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054866. ASIZP0055383. ASIZP0059645. ASIZP0060989. ASIZP0063505. ASIZP0066139. ASIZP0066140. ASIZP0066489. ASIZP0066506. ASIZP0066621. ASIZP0070393. ASIZP0801406. ASIZP0801407. ASIZP0801408. ASIZP0801409. ASIZP0801410. ASIZP0900045. ASIZP0911406. ASIZP0911407. ASIZP0911408. ASIZP0911409. ASIZP0911410. FRIP00720. FRIP20432. FRIP21668. NMMBP00118. NMMBP01318. NMMBP02337. NMMBP06526. NMMSTP00693. NTMP0522. NTOU-AE6015. NTUM01191. NTUM01192. NTUM01193. NTUM01195. NTUM01197. ...List all 45 records... 
Barcode2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Orange spine surgeonfish; Poll unicornfish; Orange-spine unicornfish; Smooth-head unicornfish; Redlip surgeonfish; Orangespine unicornfish; Striped unicornfish; Striped-faced unicornfish; Barcheek unicornfish; Clown tang; Masked unicornfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays VI, 28-31 ; anal-fin rays II, 29-31 ; pectoral-fin rays 17-18 ; pelvic-fin rays I,3. Body dark grayish brown, dorsal fin black continuing as a pointed projection onto nape, with a pale blue line at base and a broad outer white zone on soft portion; anal fin mainly orange; dorsal and anal fins with a narrow blue margin and black submarginal line; caudal fin with a yellow submarginal band posteriorly. Caudal fin emarginate adult males with trailing filaments from each corner.
habitats Occurs in coastal and inner reef flats and slopes. Browses on benthic algae on coral reefs or rocky bottom. Sometimes in large aggregations. The species is seldom poisonous. Pair-spawning has been observed. 
Distribution Pacific Ocean: Honshu, Japan south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia; east in Oceania to the Hawaiian Islands. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Penghu, Lanyu, Lyudao, North, East, North-East. 
Utility Commercial aquarium species.