魚類學相關名詞中英對照
名詞 定義 
ray The supporting bony elements of fins, including spines and soft rays; all fin-supports are rays, whether segmented, unsegmented or spinous, but sometimes the term ray is used to denote soft rays only. In that sense, a ray is a flexible, rod-like segmented and often branched, bilaterally paired fin support of dermal origin. Rays may be divided into soft-rays (as just described) and hard-rays or pseudacanths which are ossified, inflexible and superficially like a spine (pseudacanths are found in some Cyprinidae, all Ictaluridae, Notacanthidae, etc.). Called dermatrichs as their origin is dermal. Ray counts are given in Arabic numerals, e.g. 11-14. Simple (rudimentary) fin rays are small, unbranched, unsegmented soft rays usually found at the beginning of a fin. Spines are unpaired and unsegmented, usually sharp and stiff rods supporting the membranes of the fins. Spine counts are given in Roman numerals, e.g. X-XII.  
軟條 支撐鰭的骨骼要素,包括硬棘與軟條;所有的鰭支撐皆是鰭條,無論是否為分段、不分段或是刺狀,但有時鰭條僅指軟條,如此而言,一個鰭條是柔韌、有彈性、竿狀的分段且常是分枝的、左右對稱、衍自真皮的偶鰭支撐。鰭條可能被分成軟鰭條 (如上述)與硬鰭條或鈣化不彎曲、外表似棘的假棘(假棘被發現於一些鯉科、所有的鮰科、背棘魚科等)。若衍自真皮,則被稱為「dermatrichs」。鰭條計數是以阿拉伯數字來表示,例如 11-14。簡單的 (發展未完全的) 鰭條是一種小的且未分枝的軟鰭條,通常可見於鰭的起點。棘是支撐鰭膜的枝條,是 
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