魚類學相關名詞中英對照
名詞 定義 
vertebra Bony or cartilaginous elements surrounding the notochord or replacing it and often protecting the spinal cord and caudal vein. Vertebrae are composed of a centrum formed from two pleurocentra and two intercentra or parts of these elements, a neural arch formed by the interdorsal and basidorsal of each side, a neural spine fused to the neural arch, a haemal arch formed from the fusion of the interventral and basiventral, and a haemal spine fused to the haemal arch. Petromyzontidae lack centra and have a persistent notochord. Elasmobranchii have a centrum with a notochord core surrounded by a ring of cartilage (chordacentrum) to which the neural and haemal arches (arcocentra) attach and an outer ring of cartilage (autocentrum) interrupted by the arches. The cartilage becomes calcified (cyclospondylous, asterospondylous, tectospondylous) (plural vertebrae).  
脊椎 硬骨或軟骨的要素圍住脊索或取代它與時常保護脊髓與尾靜脈。脊椎骨是從二個側椎體與二個間椎體或者這些要素的部份形成的一個椎體,一個髓弓由間背片與兩邊的基背片形成的,一個髓棘融合到髓弓,一個脈弓形成從融合間腹片與基腹片,與一個脈棘融合成。七鰓鰻科缺乏中心椎盤而且有一個連續的脊索。板鰓亞綱有一個椎體,一個被軟骨組織(脊索椎體)環包圍的脊索核心,到神經弓與脈弓(弓椎體)附著,而且軟骨組織外環(自椎體)藉由弓中斷。軟骨組織變成石灰質 (單環椎,星狀椎,支架椎)(複數的脊椎骨) 。 
※中文內容系使用機器由英文內容翻譯。