Scientific Name
Cynoglossus puncticeps  
Cynoglossus puncticeps斑頭舌鰨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Richardson, 1846) Depth 1 - 140M
Chinese 斑頭舌鰨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 舌鰨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F502 Cynoglossidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 斑頭舌鰨 
Max Length 18 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 牛舌、龍舌、扁魚、皇帝魚、比目魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal  Holotype Locality China 
Synonyms Arelia brachyrhynchos, Arelia javanica, Cynoglossus aurolineatus, Cynoglossus brachyrhynchus, Cynoglossus brevis, Cynoglossus lida, Cynoglossus nigrolabeculatus, Cynoglossus puncticeps immaculata, Cynoglossus punticeps, Plagiusa aurolimbata, Plagiusa nigrolabeculata, Plagusia aurolimbata, Plagusia brachyrhynchos ...all 17..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)  Richardson, J. 1846 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 
Specimen List ASIZP0057361. ASIZP0058419. ASIZP0062257. ASIZP0063582. ASIZP0063679. ASIZP0064109. ASIZP0074685. ASIZP0074686. ASIZP0074688. ASIZP0080865. ASIZP0807693. ASIZP0807736. ASIZP0901272. ASIZP0917693. ASIZP0917736. MTP0195. NMMBP02557. NMMBP05160. NMMBP05161. NMMSTP00624. NMNSF00491. NTUM02501. NTUM05225. NTUM05454. NTUM05455.  
Common Name Speckled tonguesole; Speckled toungesole; Speckled tongue sole; Tonguefish; Spotted tongue-sole; Spotted tounge-sole; Mottled tonguesole 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 90-100; anal-fin rays 70-80; Ocular side yellow-brown. Dorsal and anal fins joined to caudal. Eyes both on the left side of the body, a narrow space separating them; asymmetrical mouth; rostral hook below mouth. Ocular side with 2 lateral lines. Only the left ventral fin present.
habitats Found on the continental shelf over sandy and muddy bottoms. Occurs in the lower courses of flowing rivers and in estuaries. Feeds mostly on benthic invertebrates. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: India eastward to the Malay Archipelago and the South China Sea, southward to the Philippines and northwest Australia; eastward to New Guinea Taiwan: South. 
Utility Commercial fishery species. Sold fresh, frozen, or dried salted in markets.