Scientific Name
Pampus echinogaster  
Pampus echinogaster鐮鯧
by: Po-Feng Lee
Author (Basilewsky, 1855) Depth 10 - 100M
Chinese 鐮鯧 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯧科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F483 Stromateidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鐮鯧 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 暗鯧、黑鰭、白鯧(澎湖)、燕尾鯧 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Gulf of Chihli (Bohai), Beijing [Pekin], China 
Synonyms Stromateus echinogaster   
Reference Chen, C.H. 2004. Checklist of the fishes of Penghu. Fisheries Research Institute, Council of Agriculture. FRI Special Publication No. 4: 175 pp.(in Chinese)  Abe, T. etc. 1965 陳春暉 2004 
Specimen List ASIZP0064720. ASIZP0064756. ASIZP0064879. ASIZP0064908. ASIZP0066714. ASIZP0075318. ASIZP0075320. ASIZP0078333. ASIZP0080099. ASIZP0800262. ASIZP0800263. ASIZP0800264. ASIZP0800265. ASIZP0806988. ASIZP0806990. ASIZP0807235. ASIZP0910262. ASIZP0910263. ASIZP0910264. ASIZP0910265. ASIZP0916988. ASIZP0916990. ASIZP0917235.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Butterfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body very deep, and compressed. Snout blunt, forehead arched slightly. Area of wavy ridges almost reaching level of upper origin of pectoral fin. Eye small, central, slightly shorter than snout. Mouth small, subterminal, curved downward posteriorly; barely reaching beyond anterior margin of eye. Operculum absent; gill opening reduced to a vertical slit on the side of the body; gill membrane broadly united to isthmus; gill rakers small and slender. Dorsal and anal fins subequal in size, originating behind pectoral-fin bases, both stiff and lobe-like anteriorly, preceded by a series of 5 to 10 blade-like spines with anterior and posterior points; dorsal-fin rays 45 to 50; anal-fin rays 42 to 48; pelvic fins absent. caudal fin deeply forked, the lower lobe longer than the upper. Gray above grading to silvery white towards the belly, with small black dots all over the body.
habitats Found in the sublittoral zone on sandy mud bottoms. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific from the central Japan, East China Sea and Taiwan. It is found in Penghu Is., weastern Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh.