Scientific Name
Sphyraena flavicauda  
Sphyraena flavicauda黃尾金梭魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Rüppell, 1838 Depth 3 - 50M
Chinese 黃尾金梭魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金梭魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F472 Sphyraenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃尾魣 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 針梭、竹梭、巴拉庫答、梭仔(澎湖)、粗鱗梭仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is. 
Habitats Ocean、Coral、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Sphyraena chrysotaenia, Sphyraena forsteri, Sphyraena langsar, Sphyraena obtusata, Sphyraenella flavicauda   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Bilecenoglu, M., E. Taskavak etc. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054651. ASIZP0056168. ASIZP0057080. ASIZP0058740. ASIZP0062890. ASIZP0065067. ASIZP0067235. ASIZP0067236. ASIZP0067239. ASIZP0067240. ASIZP0069757. ASIZP0074876. ASIZP0700324. ASIZP0802158. ASIZP0802159. ASIZP0802160. ASIZP0802161. ASIZP0803226. ASIZP0912158. ASIZP0912159. ASIZP0912160. ASIZP0912161. ASIZP0913226. FRIP01057. FRIP01058. FRIP01059. FRIP01317. FRIP20428. FRIP21431. FRIP21495. NMMBP02169. NMMBP04573. NMMBP06566. NMMSTP01563. NMNSF01602. NTOU-AE6281. NTUM00574. ...List all 42 records... 
Barcode2008-08-05,張榮樺,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Short-jawed sea-pike; Yellowstripe barracuda; Yellowtail barracuda 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, subcylindrical or slightly compressed. Head long, pointed, scaly on sides and posteriorly on top. Mouth nearly horizontal, large. Jaws elongate, the lower one considerably projecting; large, sharp, flattened or conical teeth of unequal size on jaws and palatines; usually 1 or 2 strong, sharp canines near tip of lower jaw. Maxilla reaching to below anterior nostril. First gill arch with 2 prominent gill rakers. Two short dorsal fins, widely separated; the first with V strong spines inserted about opposite to or behind pelvic fins; the second with I spine and 9 soft rays; anal fin with II spines and 9 soft rays; origin of pelvic fins well before first dorsal-fin origin; tip of pectoral fins not reaching to first dorsal fin; caudal fin forked in all stages. Lateral-line scales 84 to 91. Body with 2 brown or brownish yellow longitudinal stripes when fresh, sometimes absent in non fresh specimens; caudal fin yellowish.
habitats Inhabiting coral reefs or bays. Usually seen during the day in large schools. 
Distribution Widespread in the Tropical and subtropical Indo-West Pacific from South Africa to Micronesia; north to southern Japan. It is a common species in Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh.