Scientific Name
Muraenesox cinereus  
Muraenesox cinereus灰海鰻
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 10 - 740M
Chinese 灰海鰻 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海鰻科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F084 Muraenesocidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 海鰻 
Max Length 220 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 虎鰻、海鰻、錢鰻(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South West、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea 
Synonyms Muraena arabica, Muraena arabicus, Muraena cinerea, Muraenesox arabicus, Muraenesox cinerius, Muraenosox cinereus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Forsskål, P. 1775 Castle, P. H. J. 1967 Chen, J. T. F. etc. 1967 Klausewitz, W. etc. 1982 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List AMNH90057. ASIZP0058376. ASIZP0060312. ASIZP0060709. ASIZP0060861. ASIZP0060935. ASIZP0061474. ASIZP0067341. ASIZP0067347. ASIZP0070372. ASIZP0071602. ASIZP0074023. ASIZP0076116. ASIZP0076117. ASIZP0076194. ASIZP0076195. ASIZP0077016. ASIZP0078522. ASIZP0078550. ASIZP0078551. ASIZP0078674. ASIZP0078675. ASIZP0078750. ASIZP0078751. ASIZP0078764. ASIZP0079491. ASIZP0700334. ASIZP0802209. ASIZP0802210. ASIZP0807034. ASIZP0807035. ASIZP0807106. ASIZP0807107. ASIZP0807305. ASIZP0912209. ASIZP0912210. ASIZP0917034. ...List all 69 records... 
Barcode2015-12-09,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,HAN-YANG,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Avon,CO1,100%
Common Name Shape-toothed eel; Conger pike; Daggertooth pike conger; Dagger tooth pikeconger; Arabian pike eel 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Snout long, a notch near tip; eye diameter 2-2.5 times in snout length. Anterior nostrils in short tube, behind notch of snout, posterior nostrils much closer to eyes than to anterior nostrils. Mouth very large, upper jaw a little longer than lower; teeth generally large and conspicuous. Head broader, interorbital about 8 times in head; lateral-line pores before anus 44-47; dorsal-fin rays before anus 66-78; vertebrae 145-159. BD. 15-17, HL. 6 in TL. Eye 9, snout 3.5, gape 2 in HL. Tail 0.63-0.71 in length of head and trunk. Body sides silvery. Blackish brown in formalin. Vertical fin with broad black margins.
habitats Occurs from the littoral zone to the upper bathy-benthic region. Inhabits soft bottoms. Feeds on small bottom fishes and crustaceans. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, west coast of India, Sri Lanka, eastward throughout Indonesia northward to Japan, Korea, China and Taiwan, southward to northern Australia. 
Utility Fisheries, highly commercial, aquaculture, gamefish, bait. Captured and cultured for fishery in Japan. Marketed mainly fresh. Also used as bait for shark fishing. Also caught by bag nets. Used in Chinese medicine.