Scientific Name
Echidna xanthospilos  
Echidna xanthospilos黃斑蝮鯙
by: Hong-Ming Chen
Author (Bleeker, 1859) Depth - M
Chinese 黃斑蝮鯙 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯙科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F079 Muraenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃點蛇鱔 
Max Length 71.3 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 錢鰻、薯鰻、虎鰻 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Karangbollong [Karang-Bollong Bay, on northeastern tip of Nusa Kambangan Island, 4.5 kilometers southeast to Cilacap, Jawa Tengah Province, Java, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 7°45'34''S, 109°02'32''E] 
Synonyms Echidna xanthospilus, Muraena xanthospilos   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);A review of muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zoological studies 33(1):44-64(Chen, Shao & Chen, 1994)  P. Bleeker 1859 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao etc. 1994 Chen, H.-M. etc. 1996 
Specimen List ASIZP0057628. ASIZP0060854. ASIZP0806544. ASIZP0806545. ASIZP0916544. ASIZP0916545.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Moray eel 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic A moderately stout dark moray with distinctive white to yellow spots and polygons on head, body and fins; anus behind mid-body, PA 1.75-1.91 in TL; head 6.46-8.04 in TL, and depth 10.2-16.1 in TL; teeth blunt and molariform, uniserial on upper jaw, triserial to biserial on lower jaw, and elongate patch of triserial to uniserial teeth on vomer; MVF 5-55-115.
habitats The largest specimen taken to date is a 905-mm male. The large molar teeth of Echidna xanthospilos readily identify it as a species of the genus Echidna or Gymnomuraena. While some of the characters (bold coloration, multiserial denti 
Distribution Taken off Taiwan, Samoa, Java, and Sri Lanka; recent specimens were taken by spear at 8 m and by longline at 20-30 m depth. 
Utility Aquarium.