Scientific Name
Gymnothorax javanicus  
Gymnothorax javanicus爪哇裸胸鯙
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1859) Depth 0 - 50M
Chinese 爪哇裸胸鯙 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鯙科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F079 Muraenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 爪哇裸胸鱔 
Max Length 300 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 錢鰻、薯鰻、虎鰻、糬鰻(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East、PonFu、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Patjitan, Java [Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean] 
Synonyms Gymnothorax javonica, Lycodontis flavomarginatus, Lycodontis javanicus, Muraena javanica   
Reference   P. Bleeker 1859 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao etc. 1994 
Specimen List ASIZP0054921. ASIZP0056526. ASIZP0069765. ASIZP0069773. ASIZP0069903. ASIZP0803267. ASIZP0803268. ASIZP0913267. ASIZP0913268. NTMP1379. NTOU-AE0611. NTOU-AE2048. USNM00204370. USNM00312496. USNM00312497. USNM00312508.  
Common Name Tropical moray eel; Blackpearl moray; Java moray eel; Giant moray 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic HL 7.5-7.8, DGO 14.4-17.7, TR 2.9-3.0 in TL, Vert 140-143. Body can attain great lengths. Brownish body, with many large irregular dark-brownish splotches, separated from each other by a paler net-like pattern; lower jaw and abdomen paler; blackish corners of mouth and gill openings.
habitats Found in lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles more secretive and occur on intertidal pool. It feeds primarily on fishes. This is the most heavy Indo-Pacific moray species. Older and giant individual often ciguatoxic. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa, north to the Ryukyu and Hawaiian islands, south to the Austral Islands, throughout Micronesia. 
Utility fisheries, public aquariums