Scientific Name
Ophichthus lithinus
Ophichthus lithinus石蛇鰻
by: Hong-Ming Chen
Author (Jordan & Richardson, 1908) Depth 10 - 50M
Chinese 石蛇鰻 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 蛇鰻科 Economic Fish No 
Family F081 Ophichthidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 石蛇鰻 
Max Length 87 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 艾氏蛇鰻、鰻仔、硬骨篡、篡仔、硬骨仔、鰻(台東) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、South West、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Kaohsiung (Takao), Taiwan 
Synonyms Leiuranus lithinus, Ophichthus evermanni, Ophichthys evermani   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);陳威立。 2006。臺灣東部海域蛇鰻科魚類之初步分類研究。國立臺灣海洋大學碩士論文。  Jordan, D. S. etc. 1909 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0060063. ASIZP0060315. ASIZP0060864. ASIZP0066202. ASIZP0801626. ASIZP0802569. ASIZP0911626. ASIZP0912569. FMNH52118Holotype. FRIP22056. NMMBP06394. NMMBP06395. NMMBP06396. NTOU-AE2739. NTUM01519. NTUM01525.  
Common Name Evermann's snake eel 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Snout short and blunt. Upper jaw longer than lower.Teeth conical; jaw teeth conical in 1 row; premaxillary teeth 4 to 5. Vomerine teeth conical, in 1 row. Dorsal fin origin behind pectoral. Vertebrae 151. Total length 33.0 of body depth, 11.9 of head length; caudal length 1.7 of the length from head to trunk; head length 5.5 of snout length; snout length 1.9 of diameter of eye. Anterior nostril tubule. Posterior rostril slit-like. Rictus beyond rear margin of eye. Tail end of dorsal and anal elevated. Caudal fin absent.Tongue fixed. Body light brown, pale below.
habitats Inhabit in sandy botton below 150 meters deep.  
Distribution West Pacific.  
Utility No quantity for fishery need.