Scientific Name
Hypoatherina valenciennei  
Hypoatherina valenciennei凡氏下銀漢魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1853) Depth 0 - 5M
Chinese 凡氏下銀漢魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 銀漢魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F251 Atherinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 凡氏下銀漢魚 
Max Length 12 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鱙仔、硬鱗(澎湖)、豆殼仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia; Jakarta [Batavia], Java, Indonesia 
Synonyms Allanetta bleekeri, Allanetta valenciennei, Atherina bleekeri, Atherina valenciennei, Atherina valenciennesi, Atherina valenciennesii, Haplocheilus argyrotaenia, Hypoatherina bleekeri, Hypoatherina woodwardi, Pranesus valenciennei   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Ivantsoff, W. etc. 1988 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058553. ASIZP0062606. MTP0019. NMMBP05519. NTMP0862. NTUM02029. NTUM06184. NTUM06427. NTUM06451. USNM00332925.  
Common Name Sumatran silverside; Valencienne's hardyhead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately robust, subcylindrical, and slightly compressed. Free edge of premaxilla densely covered with minute shagreen denticles; teeth present on vomer, palatines, ectopterygoids. Ascending process of premaxilla moderately wide and long, lateral process short and wide at base. Gill rakers long and slender 20 to 26 on lower limb of first gill arch. First dorsal fin with IV to VII spines; second dorsal fin with I spine and 8 to 10 soft rays; anal fin with I spine and 10 to 13 soft rays. Body covered with weakly ctenoid scales; 43 to 46 midlateral scales; 5 or 6 scales in transverse rows along side of body. Predorsal scales 17 to 23; interdorsal scales 6 to 8. Anus 1 to 4 scales in front of tips of pelvic fins. Body blue-green above, whitish below, and with dark tip to snout; scales above midlateral band edged with black; fins clear but with small traces of pigment; head, eye, opercle, and preopercle silvery gold.
habitats Found near the coast and the surface. Occurs in estuaries. Probably important as forage fish. Nothing is known of the biology of this fish. 
Distribution Widely distributed in Indo-West Pacific including Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Viet Nam, Singapore, New Britain, Hermit Island Group, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Hong Kong, and as far north as Japan. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility No commercial value.