Scientific Name
Harpadon nehereus  
Harpadon nehereus印度鐮齒魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Hamilton, 1822) Depth 50 - 500M
Chinese 印度鐮齒魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 合齒魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F187 Synodontidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 龍頭魚 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 水狗母、粉粘、那哥、那個魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Ganges River mouths, India 
Synonyms Harpadon nahereus, Harpadon nebereus, Harpodon nehereus, Osmerus nehereus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Francis Hamilton, (formerly Buchanan,) M. D. 1822 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 陳素芝 編著 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058516. ASIZP0065776. ASIZP0065795. ASIZP0065816. ASIZP0073400. ASIZP0074881. ASIZP0076041. ASIZP0076055. ASIZP0078533. ASIZP0078534. ASIZP0078547. ASIZP0078548. ASIZP0078549. ASIZP0078740. ASIZP0078741. ASIZP0078850. ASIZP0078865. ASIZP0078898. ASIZP0078956. ASIZP0079118. ASIZP0079119. ASIZP0079157. ASIZP0079300. ASIZP0700110. ASIZP0801156. ASIZP0801157. ASIZP0801158. ASIZP0911156. ASIZP0911157. ASIZP0911158. CAS56037. FRIP03120. MTP0093. MTP0182. NMMBP01096. NMMBP01097. NMMBP01098. ...List all 46 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Bombay duck; Bombay duck (India); Bombay duck fish; Bombay-duck 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body compressed. Eye small. Adipose eyelid on anterior and posterior margins. Mouth large, gape tending obliquely. Upper jaw not protractile, bordered its entire length by premaxilla, its length more than 1/2 head length and extending well past posterior margin of orbit. Teeth on palatines, vomer and tongue. Body naked except for a series of scales along lateral line and on to tail. Dorsal fin about midway on back, with 11-12 rays; anal fin posterior to end of dorsal fin, with 13-15 rays; pectoral fins reaching beyond origin of dorsal fin ; pelvic fins with 9 rays, inner rays subequal or slightly longer than outer rays; caudal fin forked.
habitats Inhabit deep water offshore on sandy mud bottom for most of the year, but also gathers in large shoals in deltas of rivers to feed during monsoons. Spawn 6 batches of broods per year. An aggressive predator. 
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from India to the Solomon Islands. It found in western and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh, salted dried, or smoked.