Scientific Name
Saurida gracilis  
Saurida gracilis細蛇鯔
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Depth 0 - 135M
Chinese 細蛇鯔 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 合齒魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F187 Synodontidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 細蛇鯔 
Max Length 32 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 狗母梭、小蜥魚、海狗母梭(臺東)、狗母(澎湖)、番狗母(澎湖)、汕狗母(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality Hawaiian Islands; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean 
Synonyms Saurida gracila, Saurida gracilata, Saurida gracillis, Saurida nebulosa, Saurida tombil, Saurida tumbil, Saurus gracilis, Saurus minutus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.3(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Liu, F.H. etc. 1959 Tung, I.H. 童逸修 1959 Liu, Fah-Hsuen etc. 1959 Tiews, K., A. Mines etc. 1972 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 陳素芝 編著 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054107. ASIZP0055120. ASIZP0057660. ASIZP0059163. ASIZP0059238. ASIZP0059742. ASIZP0066106. ASIZP0801468. ASIZP0802582. ASIZP0911468. ASIZP0916916. FRIP20037. FRIP21242. FRIP21761. NMMBP02674. NMMBP03367. NMMBP03657. NMMBP08509. NTMP0786. NTMP0859. NTOUP200611-828. NTOUP201203-125. NTOUP201203-150. NTOUP201207-572. NTUM00229. NTUM02110. NTUM06506. NTUM06507. NTUM06508. NTUM08171. NTUM08172. RUSI35015. RUSI35109.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100%
Common Name Slender lizard fish; Slender lizardfish; Slender saury; Blotchy lizardfish; Lizard fish; Gracile lizardfish; Graceful lizardfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, slender, and cylindrical. Eye moderate; laterally directed. Adipose eyelid on anterior and posterior margins of eye. Mouth large, gape tending to be oblique. Upper jaw not protractile, bordered its entire length by premaxilla, its length more than 1/2 head length and extending well past posterior margin of orbit. Inner palatine teeth in about 3 poorly defined rows, and small patch of teeth on vomer. Branchiostegals 13. Head and body with cycloid scales, present on procurrent and primary caudal fin rays. Lateral-line scales with 45 to 49; scales not enlarged, not extending beyond base of caudal fin, procurrent and primary caudal-fin rays with scales. Predorsal scales 12 to 14. Dorsal fin about midway on back, with 10-11 rays; anal fin with 9-10; pectoral fins long, tip extends clearly past pelvic-fin insertion to within 2 or 3 scale rows of dorsal-fin origin, usually 13 rays (rarely 12 or 14); caudal fin forked. Body with blackish vertical bands; dorsal, caudal and pelvic fins with dark traverse bands.
habitats Common in shallow lagoons, reef flats, and sheltered seaward reefs,and in depths of 1 to 12 m. Usually in sandy areas adjacent to corals. Feeds on fishes and is active at night. 
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from East Africa, including the Red Sea, to Hawaii, Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef, Lord Howe, and Rapa. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh, or made into fish balls or fish meals.