Scientific Name
Trachinocephalus myops  
Trachinocephalus myops準大頭狗母魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forster, 1801) Depth 3 - 100M
Chinese 準大頭狗母魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 合齒魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F187 Synodontidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 準大頭狗母魚 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 狗母梭、狗母、短吻花狗母、臭腥仔(澎湖)、臭腥公仔(澎湖)、汕頂狗母(澎湖)、大頭花桿狗母 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Saint Helena [southeastern Atlantic] 
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.3(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002) 
Specimen List AMNH90061. ASIZP0054316. ASIZP0057088. ASIZP0058978. ASIZP0059189. ASIZP0059319. ASIZP0059813. ASIZP0060947. ASIZP0061214. ASIZP0061400. ASIZP0061540. ASIZP0061722. ASIZP0061826. ASIZP0062413. ASIZP0062767. ASIZP0064805. ASIZP0064830. ASIZP0064936. ASIZP0064942. ASIZP0064960. ASIZP0065957. ASIZP0070181. ASIZP0072012. ASIZP0073415. ASIZP0075165. ASIZP0075338. ASIZP0075361. ASIZP0075389. ASIZP0075400. ASIZP0075410. ASIZP0075412. ASIZP0075418. ASIZP0075466. ASIZP0075469. ASIZP0075492. ASIZP0075528. ASIZP0075569. NTUM00058Paratype. ...List all 174 records... 
Barcode2008-04-29,鄭惇遠,CO1,100% 2008-03-24,鄭惇遠,CO1,100% 2008-03-24,鄭惇遠,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2011-07-30,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Painted saury; Painted lizardfish; Sandspear; Snakefish; Short-headed lizardfish; Striped lizardfish; Bluntnose lizardfish; Ground spearing; Forster's lizardfish; Lizardfish; Forster's lizard fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body cylindrical. Eyes developed at the top of head. Snout shorter than eye diameter; mouth very oblique. Scales present on procurrent caudal-fin rays. Dorsal fin with 12-13 rays; anal-fin rays 15 to 17; length of anal-fin base longer than dorsal-fin base; Pectoral fins not extending to a line from pelvic-fin origin to dorsal-fin origin; caudal fin forked. Body with alternating narrow dark-edged pale blue and yellow stripes; oblique black spot at the upper end of the gill opening.
habitats A benthic species, occurring on soft bottoms in estuaries, bays and coastal waters in depths to 200 m. Rest on or more often burrow into substrate, leaving eyes exposed. When disturbed, it may swim a short distance but quickly buries itself again. Feed on 
Distribution Worldwide in tropical and warm temperate waters with the exception of the eastern Pacific and the northeast Atlantic north of Cape Blanc, Africa. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part. 
Utility Food fish; marketed fresh.