Scientific Name
Ablennes hians  
Ablennes hians扁鶴鱵
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1846) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 扁鶴鱵 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鶴鱵科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F255 Belonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 橫帶扁頜針魚 
Max Length 140 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 青旗、學仔、白天青旗、青痣(澎湖)、倒吊學(澎湖) 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Ocean、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Bahia, Brazil [southwestern Atlantic] 
Synonyms Ablenes hians, Ablennes pacificus, Athlennes hians, Belone hians, Belone maculata, Belone melanostigma, Belone schismatorhynchus, Blennes hians, Mastaccembelus melanostigma, Mastacembelus fasciatus, Strongylura anastomella, Tylosurus caeruleofasciatus, Tylosurus hians ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0063686. ASIZP0065063. ASIZP0066047. ASIZP0066048. ASIZP0066050. ASIZP0700004. ASIZP0800663. ASIZP0800664. ASIZP0800665. ASIZP0802575. ASIZP0900016. ASIZP0910663. ASIZP0910664. ASIZP0910665. ASIZP0912575. FRIP20283. FRIP21485. NMMBP01871. NTMP1385. NTUM00547. NTUM00548. NTUM06526.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Needlefish; Barred needlefish; Barred longtom; Flatsided needlefish; Eel pike; Grassfish; Flat needle fish; Gar fish; Flat needlefish; Gaping needlefish; Flat billfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate and greatly compressed laterally. Upper and lower jaws greatly elongate and studded with small sharp teeth. Gill rakers absent. Anterior parts of dorsal and anal fins with high falcate lobes; dorsal-fin rays numerous, 22 to 25; anal-fin rays numerous, 25 to 27; pectoral fins falcate;; caudal peduncle without lateral keels, caudal fin deeply forked, lower lobe much longer than upper. Body bluish green above, silvery white below; a broad dark blue stripe along sides and about 12 to 14 prominent dark vertical bars on body; tip of lower jaw red; juveniles and adults with elevated black lobe in posterior part of dorsal fin; scales and bones green.
habitats Inhabits neritic and oceanic waters but more often found near islands. Found in estuaries, and coastal rivers. Sometimes forming large schools. Feeds mainly on small fishes. Usually caught with the help of artificial lights. In females, only left gonad is 
Distribution Worldwide distribution in tropical and warm temperate waters. It is common in waters around Taiwan.  
Utility Marketed fresh and salted; smoked or frozen.