Scientific Name
Strongylura leiura  
Strongylura leiura無斑圓尾鶴鱵
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1850) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 無斑圓尾鶴鱵 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鶴鱵科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F255 Belonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 無斑柱頜針魚 
Max Length 100 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 臺灣圓尾鶴鱵、青旗、學仔、白天青旗 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Ocean、Coral、Benthos、Estuary、
Holotype Locality Batavia [Jakarta, Java, Indonesia, Java Sea, eastern Indian Ocean] 
Synonyms Belone ciconia, Belone ferox, Belone leira, Belone leiurus, Belone natalensis, Belone tenuirostris, Rhaphiobelone dammermani, Strongylura leiura leiura, Strongylura leiyra, Strongylurus leiura, Tylosurus leiurus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0059354. ASIZP0805844. ASIZP0915844. NMMSTP00674. NTMP0673. SU7321.  
Common Name Needlefish; Slender longtom; Yellowfin needlefish; Banded long-tom; Banded needlefish; Littoral needle fish; Littoral needlefish; Hornpike long-tom 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, laterally compressed, almost rectangular in cross-section. Upper and lower jaws greatly elongate and studded with sharp teeth; gill rakers absent. Anterior parts of dorsal and anal fins forming distinct lobes; dorsal-fin rays 17 to 21; anal-fin rays 23 to 25; pectoral fins not falcate; caudal peduncle without lateral keels; caudal fin emarginate, not deeply forked. Predorsal scales moderately small, 130 to 180. Top of head and back greenish; a silver stripe along sides widening posteriorly, lower sides and ventral surface white; pelvic fins whitish; pectoral fins with a distal dark spot, tip of fins yellow when fresh; tips of dorsal and anal-fin lobes yellowish, some black pigmentation along middle of fins; caudal fin dark with a yellowish tinge to upper lobe.
habitats Inhabit coastal waters and estuaries. Larvae and early juveniles are found in mangroves. Feed mainly on small fishes and crustaceans. 
Distribution Widespread within the Indo-West Pacific from Somalia and Tanzania to Durban, South Africa east to Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and southeast Asia to New Guinea, Australia, and the Philippines. Reported from southern China. It is common in waters around Taiw 
Utility Marketed fresh.