Scientific Name
Strongylura strongylura  
Strongylura strongylura尾斑圓尾鶴鱵
by: ©Randall, John E.
Author (van Hasselt, 1823) Depth 0 - 13M
Chinese 尾斑圓尾鶴鱵 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鶴鱵科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F255 Belonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 尾斑柱頜針魚 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 圓尾鶴鱵、青旗、學仔、白天青旗、水煎(金門) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Ocean、Coral、Benthos、Estuary、
Fresh Water、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand 
Holotype Locality Vishakhapatnam [Vizagapatam] 
Synonyms Belone caudimacula, Belone oculata, Belone saigonensis, Belone strongylura, Belone strongylurus, Strongylura caudimaculata, Strongylurus strongylura, Tylosurus strongilurus, Tylosurus strongylorus, Tylosurus strongylura, Tylosurus strongylurus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999) 
Specimen List ASIZP0062109. ASIZP0807595. ASIZP0900487. NMMBP05368. NTUM02178.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Spottail needlefish; Light-colored garfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, rounded in cross-section. Upper and lower jaws greatly elongate and studded with sharp teeth; gill rakers absent. No spines in fins; anterior parts of dorsal and anal fins forming moderate lobes; dorsal-fin rays 12 to 15; anal-fin rays 15 to 18; pectoral fins not falcate; caudal peduncle without lateral keels; caudal fin rounded or truncate, not emarginate or forked. Predorsal scales few and relatively large, 100 to 130; bases of dorsal and anal fins covered with scales. Body greenish above, silvery laterally, white ventrally; pectoral, pelvic, and anal fins light; dorsal and anal fins with some pigmentation along middle of the rays; caudal fin light with a prominent round black spot near its base; dorsal-fin lobe and distal margin of caudal fin yellow in live adults, anterior margin of anal fin orange.
habitats Found in coastal areas and mangrove-lined lagoons, also enters freshwater. Carnivorous. Feeds mainly on small fishes, especially clupeoids. 
Distribution Widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from the Persian Gulf along the coasts of Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka, then extending to southern China, the Philippines, and northern Australia. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Sold fresh in markets.