Scientific Name
Exocoetus monocirrhus  
Exocoetus monocirrhus單鬚飛魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Richardson, 1846 Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 單鬚飛魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 飛魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F253 Exocoetidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 單鬚飛魚 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 飛烏 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pan_Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is. 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal  Holotype Locality Sea of China [western North Pacific] 
Synonyms Exocaetus monocirrhus, Exocoetus georgianus, Exocoetus melanopus, Exocoetus monocirrous, Halacypselurus borodini, Halocypselus borodini, Halocypselus borodoni   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Richardson, J. 1846 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List FRIP00430. FRIP00431. FRIP00432. NTUM03557.  
Common Name One-barbel flyingfish; Two-wing flyingfish; Barbel flyingfish; Flying fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, broadly cylindrical. Head short. Snout blunt. Mouth small. Both jaws of equal length; juveniles with a long barbel. Gill rakers well developed, with 24-27 gill rakers on first gill arch. Dorsal and anal fins with 12-14 soft rays; pectoral fins high on sides, strikingly long, always extending beyond posterior end of anal fin, anterior 1 soft rays unbranched; pelvic fins short, not reaching anal-fin origin, inserted nearer to pectoral-fin insertion than to anal-fin origin; caudal fin deeply forked, its lower lobe longer than the upper. Scales large, cycloid, easily shed; predorsal scales 18-22; lateral line without branch at throrax, with 40-50 scales; as a rule 7 transverse rows of scales between dorsal-fin origin and lateral line. Body deep blue above, pale below; dorsal fin without distinct black region; anterior tip and posterior half of dorsal side of pectoral fin transparent, rest dark.
habitats Epipelagic in oceanic and neritic waters. May leap out of the water and glide for considerable distances above the surface. 
Distribution Widespread throughout the tropical zone, from East Africa to Central America. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Minor importance to fisheries. Sometimes marketed fresh or dried.