Scientific Name
Hirundichthys oxycephalus  
Hirundichthys oxycephalus尖頭細身飛魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1852) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 尖頭細身飛魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 飛魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F253 Exocoetidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 尖頭文鰩魚 
Max Length 18 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 飛烏、青頭仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is. 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal  Holotype Locality Jakarta [Batavia], Java, Indonesia; Makasar [Ujung Pandang], Sulawesi [Celebes], Indonesia 
Synonyms Cypselurus oxycephalus, Exocoetus oxycephalus, Hirundichthys affinis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Dr. P. Bleeker 1852 Chen, S. C. 1978 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058251. ASIZP0058460. ASIZP0071524. ASIZP0075174. ASIZP0075175. ASIZP0075176. ASIZP0806650. ASIZP0806651. ASIZP0806652. ASIZP0916650. ASIZP0916651. ASIZP0916652. BMNH1866.6.8.3. BMNH1866.6.8.4. FRIP00548. FRIP00843. FRIP20318. NTUM03561. NTUM04854. NTUM04855. NTUM04856. NTUM07746.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Bony flyingfish; Fourwing flyingfish; Mirror-finned flyingfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, broadly cylindrical. Head short. Snout blunt. Mouth small. Both jaws of equal length, or lower jaw a little longer than upper jaw; juveniles without barbels. Gill rakers well developed. Dorsal fin with 9-12 soft rays; Origin of anal fin slightly before, under or not more than 2 rays behind origin of dorsal fin, and with 10-13 soft rays; pectoral fins high on sides, strikingly long, always extending beyond posterior end of anal fin, only the first ray unbranched; pelvic fin long, extending beyond of anal fin when depressed; caudal fin deeply forked, its lower lobe longer than the upper. Scales large, cycloid, easily shed; predorsal scales 31-36; lateral line without branch at throrax, with 51-56 scales. Body deep blue above, pale below; dorsal fin without black region; pectoral fin uniformly black except posterior margin; pelvic fin with dark area; caudal fin transparent.
habitats Inhabits surface neritic waters. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for long distances above the surface. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indian and western Pacific oceans from the Arabian Sea to southern Solomon Islands, and New South Wales (Australia). It is very common in all Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Minor importance to fisheries. Sometimes marketed fresh or dried.