Scientific Name
Parexocoetus brachypterus  
Parexocoetus brachypterus短鰭擬飛魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Richardson, 1846) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 短鰭擬飛魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 飛魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F253 Exocoetidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 短鰭擬飛魚 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 白短鰭擬飛魚、飛烏、小烏(澎湖)、草螟仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、PonFu、LanI Is. 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal  Holotype Locality Tahiti [Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific]; China sea [western Pacific] 
Synonyms Exocaetus brachypterus, Exocoetus atrodorsalis, Exocoetus brachypterus, Paraexocoetus brachypterus, Paraxocoetus brachypterus, Parexocoetus brachypterus brachypterus, Ptenonotus melanogeneion   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Richardson, J. 1846 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058866. ASIZP0072331. ASIZP0072332. ASIZP0072333. ASIZP0074309. ASIZP0074310. ASIZP0074311. ASIZP0074312. ASIZP0805079. ASIZP0805080. ASIZP0805081. ASIZP0915083. ASIZP0915084. ASIZP0915085. FRIP00813. FRIP00814. FRIP20408. FRIP21104. NTUM03560. NTUM06472. USNM00076648.  
Barcode2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,%
Common Name Sailfin flyingfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, broadly cylindrical. Head short. Snout blunt. Mouth small. Gill rakers well developed. Dorsal fin with 11-13 soft rays, longest dorsal-fin rays reaching beyond origin of upper caudal-fin lobe; Origin of anal fin slightly before or under origin of dorsal fin, and with 13-14 soft rays; pectoral fins not reaching posterior end of anal fin; pelvic fin short, not extending beyond of anal fin when depressed; caudal fin deeply forked, its lower lobe longer than the upper. Scales large, cycloid, easily shed; predorsal scales 21-25; lateral line with branch at throrax, with 43-50 scales. Body deep blue above, pale below; dorsal fin black except near base; pectoral and caudal fins unifoemly transparent.
habitats Occurs in coastal waters, rare in the open ocean. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for considerable distances above the surface. 3-4 individuals aggregate during breeding. Carnivorous. 
Distribution Widespread in the Indian and Pacific oceans from East Africa to southern Japan, Hawaii, Queensland (Australia), and Marquesas Islands; separate population in the eastern tropical Pacific (Bay of Panama). It is a common species in Taiwan except northern pa 
Utility No importance to fisheries. Sometimes marketed fresh or dried.