Scientific Name
Hyporhamphus dussumieri  
Hyporhamphus dussumieri杜氏下鱵
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1847) Depth 1 - 30M
Chinese 杜氏下鱵 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱵科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F254 Hemiramphidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 杜氏下鱵魚 
Max Length 29.8 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 補網師、水針、針(臺東)、刺針(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、LanI Is. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Seychelles 
Synonyms Hemiramphus dussumieri, Hemiramphus laticeps, Hemiramphus reynaldi, Hemirhamphus laticeps, Hyporhamphus dussumierii, Hyporhamphus laticeps, Hyporhamphus samoensis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List FRIP21666. FRIP21669. NMMSTP00322. NTUM05648. NTUM05652.  
Common Name Dussumier's halfbeak; Dussumier's garfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate and compressed, with greatly prolonged, beak-like lower jaw; upper jaw short, triangular, and scaly, its width 0.65 to 0.85 times in its length; lower-jaw length longer than head length. Preorbital ridge present. Posterior branch to preorbital lateral-line canal present. Total number of gill rakers on first gill arch 33 to 47, 10 to 14 on upper and 25 to 32 on lower limb of arch. Dorsal and anal fin rays 14 to 17; pectoral fins short with 11 to 13 rays; pelvic fins located closer to caudal-fin base than to origin of pectoral fins; distance from pelvic-fin origin to caudal-fin base contained 1.05 to 1.3 times in distance from pectoral-fin origin to pelvic-fin origin; caudal fin forked, with lower lobe longer than upper. Anterior part of dorsal fin and all of anal fin covered with scales; predorsal scales 37 to 44. Body greenish above, silvery white below; fleshy tip of beak red.
habitats Most common around islands and coral reefs. Found in schools at surface of lagoon and seaward reefs. 
Distribution Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific from Seychelles through the East Indies, Borneo, Philippines, and New Guinea north to Hong Kong and Okinawa and eastward as far as Tuamoto Islands. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh and dried salted.