Scientific Name
Hyporhamphus limbatus  
Hyporhamphus limbatus緣下鱵
by: ©Randall, John E.
Author (Valenciennes, 1847) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 緣下鱵 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱵科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F254 Hemiramphidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 緣下鱵魚 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 補網師、水針 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Malabar coast, India 
Synonyms Hemiramphus gaimardi, Hemiramphus gorakhpurensis, Hemiramphus limbatus, Hemiramphus melanurus, Hemiramphus tridentifer, Hemirhamphus limbatus, Hemirhamphus sinensis, Hyporhamphus sinensis, Hyporhamphus unifasciatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0072566. ASIZP0805242. ASIZP0915246. ZMH7170.  
Common Name Congaturi halfbeak 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate and compressed, with greatly prolonged, beak-like lower jaw, equal to, or longer than head length; upper jaw short, triangular and scaly, its width 0.6 to 0.8 times in its length. Preorbital distance 1.3 to 2.1 times in diameter of orbit and 0.75 to 1.2 times in length of upper jaw; preorbital ridge present; posterior branch to preorbital lateral-line canal absent. Total number of gill rakers on first gill arch 23 to 37, 6 to 11 on upper and 19 to 23 on lower limb of arch. Dorsal-fin rays 13 to 16; anal-fin rays 13 to 16; pectoral fins short, with 10 to 12 rays; caudal fin emarginate, not strongly forked. Anterior part of dorsal and anal fins covered with scales; predorsal scales 30 to 38. Body greenish above, the silvery lateral stripe widening posteriorly, white ventrally; fleshy tip of beak reddish.
habitats Coastal species. Found at surface levels of tidal freshwaters and brackish estuaries. Encountered in the Mekong as far upstream as Stung Treng and also found in the Great Lake, Cambodia. Feeds mainly on insects. 
Distribution Extends from the Persian Gulf to China along the mainland coast of Asia. It is found in eastern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh and dried salted.