Scientific Name
Myripristis pralinia  
Myripristis pralinia堅鋸鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Cuvier, 1829 Depth 8 - 50M
Chinese 堅鋸鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 紅鋸鱗魚 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 堅松毬、厚殼仔、金鱗甲、鐵甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆、大目仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Port Praslin, New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago 
Synonyms Holocentrus pralinius, Myripristes kuim, Myripristis bleekeri, Myripristis kuim, Myripristis mooreanus, Myripristis pralinius, Myripristis pralinus, Myripristis praslinius, Myripristis praslinus, Myripristis sanguineus, Ostichthys pralinius   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E. and D. W. Greenfield, 1996. Revision of the Indo-Pacific holocentrid fishes of the genus Myripristis, with descriptions of three new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishes (25):61 p  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. etc. 1996 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0067512. ASIZP0067515. ASIZP0071138. ASIZP0801836. ASIZP0801837. ASIZP0801838. ASIZP0911836. ASIZP0911837. ASIZP0911838. FRIP21103. NMMBP04345. NMMSTP00928.  
Common Name Squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14-16 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 13-15 soft rays. Scarlet in color; no pigment on median fins but may have a small black spot at base of soft dorsal fin and some dusky pigment at leading edges of median fins. Scales small.
habitats A nocturnal species found in small, loose groups in caves or under ledges of reef flats, lagoons, and outer reef slopes. Feeds on plankton such as crab larvae.  
Distribution Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Marquesas and Mangaréva Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Marshall and Mariana Islands in Micronesia.  
Utility No commercial food species.