Scientific Name
Neoniphon sammara  
Neoniphon sammara莎姆新東洋金鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 0 - 46M
Chinese 莎姆新東洋金鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 莎姆新東洋鰃 
Max Length 32 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 莎姆金鱗魚、鐵甲、金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Jidda, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea 
Synonyms Flammeo sammara, Holocentrum sammana, Holocentrum sammara, Holocentrus rubrofuscus, Holocentrus sammara, Kutaflammeo sammara, Labrus angulosus, Sciaena sammara   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008)  Forsskål, P. 1775 Smith, M. M. etc. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054135. ASIZP0054692. ASIZP0056894. ASIZP0058999. ASIZP0059671. ASIZP0059870. ASIZP0062441. ASIZP0070817. ASIZP0073192. ASIZP0073526. ASIZP0074606. ASIZP0804823. ASIZP0805617. ASIZP0806075. ASIZP0914823. ASIZP0915617. ASIZP0916075. FRIP01236. NMMBP00797. NMMBP05396. NMMBP05541. NMMBP06639. NMMSTP00652. NTOUP200611-791. NTUM02105. NTUM03661. NTUM03662. NTUM03663. NTUM07667. RUSI35037.  
Common Name Sammara squirrelfish; Spotfin squirrelfish; Blood-spot squirrelfish; Bloodspot squirrelfish; Blood-spot squirrel fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 11-13 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 7-8 soft rays. Pinkish silvery above, silvery below; a dark red to black spot on each scale. Reddish stripe along LL. Outer margin of caudal lobes and anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reddish; pectoral fins pale pink, pelvic fins white.
habitats This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral. Most common Neophion found in shallow areas. Feeds on small fishe 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Throughout Micronesia. 
Utility commercial species, edible.