Scientific Name
Sargocentron caudimaculatum  
Sargocentron caudimaculatum尾斑棘鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Rüppell, 1838) Depth 2 - 40M
Chinese 尾斑棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 尾斑棘鱗魚 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Adioryx andamanensis, Adioryx caudimaculatus, Holocentrum andamanense, Holocentrum leonoides, Holocentrus andamanensis, Holocentrus caudimaculatus, Holocentrus rubellio, Holocentrus ruber, Holocentrus sp., Holocentrus spinifer, Holocentrus spiniferum, Sargocentron caudimaculatus, Sargocentron caudomaculatum ...all 14..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058155. ASIZP0060213. ASIZP0805851. ASIZP0915851. FRIP20059. FRIP20140. NMMBP00038. NMMBP00167. NMMBP01238. NMMBP02458. NMMSTP00883. NTUM03665. NTUM03691. NTUM07083.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Silverspot squirrelfish; Tailspot squirrelfish; Tail-spot squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 13-15 soft ray; anal fin with IV spines. Anal fin with 8-9 soft rays. Head and body red, edges of scales silver; silvery white spot anterodorsally on caudal peduncle (often disappears after death); spinous part of dorsal fin mottled light red, the outer part of the membranes bright red. 4-5 oblique rows of scales on cheek. Body depth 2.3-2.7 in SL; head length 2.3-2.8 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.0 in head length. Maxilla extending posteriorly from front of pupil to the center of eye; upper jaw length 2.7-2.95 in head length; premaxillary groove reaching about front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone with 2 short diverging spines; spine at edge of premaxillary groove absent; anterior edge of nasal fossa with 1 (rarely 2) spinule; upper edge of first suborbital bone not serrated.
habitats One of the most common of the squirrel fishes that occurs in outer reef areas, also encountered in lagoons and drop-offs from less than 2 to 40 m; either solitary or in groups. Nocturnal, feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (south to the latitude of the Xora River, South Africa) to the Marshall Islands and French Polynesia. Throughout Micronesia. 
Utility Commercial food species; edible.