Scientific Name
Sargocentron diadema  
Sargocentron diadema黑鰭棘鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1802) Depth 1 - 60M
Chinese 黑鰭棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑鰭棘鱗魚 
Max Length 17 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality No locality [probably South Seas] 
Synonyms Adioryx diadema, Holocentre diadème, Holocentrum diadema, Holocentrus diadema, Sargocentrum diadema   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054879. ASIZP0055102. ASIZP0055533. ASIZP0056906. ASIZP0057485. ASIZP0059627. ASIZP0059679. ASIZP0059690. ASIZP0060960. ASIZP0065828. ASIZP0066571. ASIZP0066597. ASIZP0067209. ASIZP0067222. ASIZP0070020. ASIZP0074915. ASIZP0075121. ASIZP0700312. ASIZP0800955. ASIZP0801448. ASIZP0801449. ASIZP0801450. ASIZP0801451. ASIZP0803356. ASIZP0910955. ASIZP0911448. ASIZP0911449. ASIZP0911450. ASIZP0911451. ASIZP0913356. FRIP22312. NMMBP03079. NMMBP03163. NMMBP05333. NMMBP08556. NMMBP08566. NMMSTP00468. ...List all 47 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Red squirrelfish; Crown squirrelfish; Crowned squirrelfish; Barred squirrel; Crowned squirrel fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-14 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-9 soft rays. Body with alternating broad red and narrower silvery white stripes; red head with 2 vertical white streaks on the opercle, one on its edge and an oblique one below the eye; distinctive reddish-black to black dorsal fin with two white streaks. 5 or 6 oblique rows of scales on cheek. Maxilla nearly reaching or extending slightly beyond a vertical at anterior edge of the pupil; upper jaw length 2.75-2.95 in head length. Body depth 2.75-3.25 in SL; head length 2.7-3.15 in SL; snout length 4.0-4.4 in head length; interorbital width 4.4-4.9 in head length; premaxillary groove extending slightly posterior to a vertical at anterior edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; medial margin of nasal bone without spinule; nasal fossa without spinules on its edge; upper edge of suborbital bones below anterior half of eye spineless; small preopercular spine, its length 2-3 times in orbit diameter, 2.85-3.5 in head length; longest 4th dorsal spines, 1.7-2.25 in head length; third anal spine 1.2-1.35 in head length.
habitats A common species that inhabits shallow coral reefs and lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of 30m or more. Occurs under ledges or in crevices during the day and feeds on isopods; at night it roams over open sand and low-profile reef areas to feed on polych 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian and Pitcairn islands, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Throughout Micronesia. 
Utility Commercial food species, edible.