Scientific Name
Sargocentron melanospilos  
Sargocentron melanospilos黑點棘鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1858) Depth 5 - 90M
Chinese 黑點棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑點棘鱗魚 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North East、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Amboina [Ambon Bay, Ambon Island, Moluccas/Maluku, Indonesia, Banda Sea] 
Synonyms Adioryx cornutus, Holocentrum cornutum, Holocentrum melanospilos, Holocentrus cornutus, Sargocentron caudimaculatus, Sargocentron cornutum, Sargocentron melanospilus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  Bleeker, P. 1858 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058156. ASIZP0073613. ASIZP0805839. ASIZP0806162. ASIZP0806540. ASIZP0915839. ASIZP0916162. ASIZP0916540. FRIP20303. FRIP20382. MTP0076. NMMBP02207. NMMBP02459. NMMBP08555. NMMSTP00987. NTMP0741.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% ,,CO1,100%
Common Name Blackspot squirrelfish; Blackblotch squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-14 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 9-10 soft rays. Body with red and white stripes following the scale rows; black blotch at base of soft dorsal, anal, and caudal fins, but may be faint or absent in caudal and anal fins. Uniformly small ctenii on posterior margin of scales of body. Inferior mouth due to hypertrophy of median part of upper lip (front of upper lip thickened and slightly protruding). Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-2.95 in SL; head length (HL) 2.6-2.9 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.4 in HL; interorbital width 4.4-5.25 in HL; slender caudal peduncle, depth 3.9-4.65 in HL; maxilla extending from below center of the eye to a vertical at rear edge of pupil, upper jaw length 2.25-2.4 in HL; premaxillary groove ending above or slightly posterior to a vertical at the front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone ending with a small spine; surface or medial edge of nasal bone spineless; nasal fossa with 1 to 4 spinules on posterior edge; preopercular spine 3.45-3.65 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.95-2.4 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.5-1.75 in HL.
habitats A relatively uncommon inhabitant of rocky reefs and coral-rich areas. Spine of preopercle venomous. Usually seen solitary, but sometimes forms schools in deep water in oceanic locations. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea, Zanzibar (Tanzania), Aldabra and Seychelles to the Marshall Islands and American Samoa, north to Taiwan, southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and the Chesterfield Islands. Replaced by Sa 
Utility Not commercial food species, edible.