Scientific Name
Sargocentron praslin  
Sargocentron praslin普拉斯林棘鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1802) Depth 1 - 5M
Chinese 普拉斯林棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 褐斑棘鱗魚 
Max Length 32 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、ShaoLiuChew、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Savo, Solomon Islands [New Georgia Sound, Solomon Sea, western Pacific], depth 1-2 meters [Original locality Port Praslin, New Britain] 
Synonyms Adioryx ruber, Holocentrum marginatum, Holocentrus ruber, Holocentrus rubrum, Perca praslin, Sargocentron paraslin   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Iwatsuki, Y. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0056241. ASIZP0057590. ASIZP0058154. ASIZP0058830. ASIZP0060124. ASIZP0060740. ASIZP0065104. ASIZP0070025. ASIZP0073196. ASIZP0803307. ASIZP0805621. ASIZP0910760. ASIZP0913307. ASIZP0915621. FRIP21229. NMMBP02138. NMMBP02328. NMMBP02560. NMMBP03110. NMMBP08498. NMMBP08658. NMMSTP00027. NTOUP200611-803. NTOUP200611-821. NTOUP200611-825. NTUM07666. NTUM07669. NTUM07672. NTUM07673. USNM00346214. USNM00346215. USNM00346216.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Red soldier-fish; Port Praslin squirrelfish; Brownspot squirrelfish; Darkstriped squirrelfish; Dark-striped squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-13 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-9 soft rays. Body with dark brown to brownish red stripes, alternating with silvery white stripes. The upper 2 dark stripes often ending in an elongate dark brown spot at the base of the soft portion of the dorsal fin; the third curving downward to end at mid-base of caudal fin; the 4th ending just before the caudal peduncle; the 5th and 6th stripes converging posteriorly on lower edge of caudal peduncle; 7th and 8th ending in a dark blotch at the rear base of soft part of anal fin. Four oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.6-2.8 in SL; head length (HL) 2.65-2.9 in SL; short and blunt snout, length 4.4-5.1 in HL; interorbital width 3.9-4.4 in HL; mouth terminal to slightly inferior, maxilla often extending to below center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.35-2.55 in HL; premaxillary groove often reaching above anterior edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone ending in a spine; surface or medial edge of nasal bone spineless; nasal fossa without spinules (occasionally large specimens with one spinule on anterior edge of fossa); upper edge of first suborbital bone with a slightly retrorse lateral spine, followed by a low ridge of recumbent spinules; preopercular spine 1.5-2.2 in orbit diameter, 3.7-5.8 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spines subequal, the longest 1.85-2.2 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.25-1.5 in HL.
habitats Inhabits reef flats and shallow protected reefs, often in dead reef areas. Secretive during the day. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: East Africa south to Mozambique (but not the Red Sea) and east to the Marshall, except the northern Marshalls and Society islands. 
Utility Commercial species, edible.