Scientific Name
Sargocentron punctatissimum  
Sargocentron punctatissimum斑紋棘鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 0 - 183M
Chinese 斑紋棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 斑紋棘鱗魚 
Max Length 23 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 乳斑棘鱗魚、金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Île Strong, Carolines [Oualan/Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia, western Pacific] 
Synonyms Adioryx lacteoguttatus, Faremusca lacteoguttata termastigma, Holocenthrus gladispinis, Holocenthrus gracilispinis, Holocentrum argenteum, Holocentrum diploxiphus, Holocentrum lacteo-guttatum, Holocentrum lacteoguttatum, Holocentrum punctatissimum, Holocentrus lacteoguttatum, Holocentrus lacteoguttatus, Holocentrus laeteoguttatus, Holocentrus sp. ...all 16..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054965. ASIZP0055086. ASIZP0059684. ASIZP0700384. ASIZP0802559. ASIZP0912559. BPBMI23324. FRIP21477. NMMBP00796. NMMBP02475. NMMBP02484. NMMBP03078. NMMBP05336. NMMSTP00197. NTUM02139. NTUM02149. NTUM03666. NTUM03667. NTUM03668. NTUM03669. NTUM03670. NTUM03671. NTUM03672. NTUM03673. NTUM03674. NTUM03675. NTUM03692. NTUM07665. USNM00293836.  
Barcode2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Peppered squirrel; Peppered squirrelfish; Speckled squirrelfish; Whitespotted sqirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-14 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-9 soft rays. Body reddish silver, iridescent bluish above; scales finely dotted with black; spinous dorsal silvery white, with broad red margin. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-3.15 in SL; head length (HL) 2.75-3.1 in SL; snout length 4.0-4.65 in HL; interorbital width 3.6-4.05 in HL; small mouth terminal to slightly inferior, maxilla reaching from below front of iris to below center of eye, upper jaw length 2.7-3.15 in HL; premaxillary groove reaching to about a vertical at the front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; medial margin of nasal bone without spinule; small nasal fossa without spinules on its edge; upper edge of suborbital bone below the eye weakly serrated, spineless laterally; short preopercular spine 1/2-3/4 orbit diameter, 4.75-6.45 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spine longest 2.0-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.2-1.55 in HL.
habitats Inhabits surge-swept tunnels and crevices of the reef margin and reef front. Rarely occurs below 30m, but has been observed at depths of 101 to 183 m in the Hawaiian Islands; majority of specimens collected in less than 3m, often in tide pools. It dispers 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Algoa Bay, South Africa to the Hawaiian and Easter islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and the Austral Islands. Throughout Micronesia. 
Utility Commercial food species, edible.