Scientific Name
Sargocentron rubrum  
Sargocentron rubrum黑帶棘鰭魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 84M
Chinese 黑帶棘鰭魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 點帶棘鱗魚 
Max Length 32 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆、黑帶棘鱗魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Off Customs dock, Port Sudan harbor, Sudan, Red Sea, depth 3-4 meters 
Synonyms Adioryx ittodai, Adioryx ruber, Holocenthrus aureoruber, Holocentrum dimidicauda, Holocentrum orientale, Holocentrum rubrum, Holocentrus alboruber, Holocentrus ruber, Holocentrus rubrum, Perca rubra, Sargocentoron rubrum, Sargocentron ruber, Sargocentrum rubrum ...all 14..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  Forsskål, P. 1775 Golani, D. 1987 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054465. ASIZP0055217. ASIZP0058157. ASIZP0059662. ASIZP0059666. ASIZP0063538. ASIZP0806524. ASIZP0916524. FRIP20129. NMMBP00694. NMMSTP00927. NTOUP200712-079. NTUM00024Paratype. NTUM02269. NTUM03683. NTUM03684. NTUM03685. NTUM03686. NTUM03687. NTUM03688. NTUM03689. NTUM03690. NTUM06815. NTUM06994. ROM39369. USNM00259110.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Redcoat; Russet squirrelfish; Soldier fish; Red squirrelfish redcoat; Red coat; Red squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-14 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-10 soft rays. Body with subequal stripes of brownish red and silvery white; spinous dorsal dark red with a large, quadrangular, whitish blotch in middle of each membrane (except the first) forming a median band; dorsal membrane tips white, except posteriorly. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.5-2.8 in SL; head length (HL) 2.65-2.85 in SL; short and blunt snout, its length 4.25-4.7 in HL; interorbital width 4.5 in HL; mouth terminal to slightly inferior, maxilla usually extending nearly to or a short distance beyond a vertical through center of eye, upper jaw length 2.5-2.75 in HL; premaxillary groove often ending above anterior edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone with a blunt spine; surface or medial edge of nasal bone spineless; nasal fossa usually without spinules on its edge; upper edge of 1st suborbital bone with a slightly retrorse lateral spine a short distance posterior to a vertical at front edge of eye, followed by a ridge of recumbent spinules; preopercular spine usually about 2/3 orbit diameter, 3.2-5.3 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spines subequal, longest in adults 1.9-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.35-1.6 in HL.
habitats Inhabits coastal reefs; silty reefs or wrecks in lagoons, bays, or harbors, may occur in aggregations; also found hidden in caves and cracks of rocks during the day. Usually in areas subject to strong currents. Feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps, a 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea to the western Pacific where it ranges from southern Japan to New Caledonia and New South Wales, Australia. Not yet recorded from the east coast of Africa or any oceanic island in the western Indian Ocean. Invaded eastern Medite 
Utility No commercial species, edible.