Scientific Name
Sargocentron spiniferum  
Sargocentron spiniferum尖吻棘鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 122M
Chinese 尖吻棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 尖吻棘鱗魚 
Max Length 51 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea 
Synonyms Adioryx spinifer, Holocentrum binotatum, Holocentrum leo, Holocentrum melanopterus, Holocentrum spiniferum, Holocentrum unipunctatum, Holocentrus bowiei, Holocentrus spinifer, Holocentrus spiniferus, Holocentrus verticalis, Holocentrus xanthurus, Perca spinifer, Sargocentron spinifer ...all 14..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054914. ASIZP0059358. ASIZP0062060. ASIZP0700386. FRIP20443. FRIP21379. NMMBP00580. NMMBP02295. NMMBP03054. NMMBP06585. NMMBP06586. NMMBP08602. NTOUP200801-024. NTUM03658. NTUM03660. USNM00288276. USNM00288295.  
Common Name Sabre squirrelfish; Spinecheek squirrelfish; Spiny squirrelfsih; Spiny squirrelfish; Long jawed squirrelfish; Long-jawed squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14-16 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 9-10 soft rays. Head and body red, scale edges silvery white; spinous dorsal crimson in color; other fins orange-yellow; vertically oblong crimson spot on preopercle behind eye. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.4-2.6 in SL; head length 2.55-2.85 in SL; lower jaw when closed slightly to moderately projecting; snout length 3.0-3.8 in HL larger than orbit diameter in adults; interorbital width 6.3-8.7 in HL; maxilla extending posteriorly to a vertical at front edge of the orbit; anterior end of nasal bone often with 2 close-set, short spines; medioposterior margin of nasal bone spineless; large nasal fossa spineless on margin; slight ridge of upper edge of suborbital bones weakly serrate; 2 subequal opercular spines; long preopercular spine, usually greater than orbit diameter in specimens at least 20 cm SL; 3rd or 4th dorsal spine longest, 1.7-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.7-2.3 in HL.
habitats A solitary species that inhabits a variety of reef zones from reef flats to lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 122 m and is fairly common in areas not subjected to heavy spear fishing. Found under ledges during the day. Largest species of squ 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia; throughout Micronesia. Of course Include Taiwan. 
Utility Commercial food species, edible.