Scientific Name
Sargocentron spinosissimum  
Sargocentron spinosissimum刺棘鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843) Depth 120 - 230M
Chinese 刺棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大刺棘鱗魚 
Max Length 17.7 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆、尖嘴仔(臺東) 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality No locality stated [長崎市/Nagasaki, Japan, western Pacific] 
Synonyms Adioryx spinosissimus, Holocentrum spinosissimum, Holocentrus spinosissimus, Sargocentron spinossisimum   
Reference Nakamura (1943)。陳等(2010)。  Randall, J. E. 1998 
Specimen List ASIZP0054636. FRIP00551. FRIP00552. NMMBP02454. NMMBP05656. NTMP1292. NTUM06995. NTUM07674.  
Common Name Squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI-VIIXVII spines and 12-13 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-9 soft rays. Body with 9 red stripes alternating with 9 narrower white stripes that pass along the middle of the longitudinal scale rows; head red with a white bar along the posterior margin of preopercle. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.45-2.75 in SL; head length (HL) 2.5-2.7 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.0 in HL; large eyes, orbit diameter 2.6-3.1; least interorbital width 4.5-5.1 in HL; maxilla extending from a vertical at front edge of the pupil to slightly beyond the center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.45-2.8 in HL; premaxillary groove usually not reaching a vertical at front edge of the orbit; rounded anterior end of nasal bone; moderately large nasal fossa, often spineless (1 specimen with 1 spinule on anterior edge on one side, another with 2 projecting outward); upper surface of nasal bone with 4-16 small retrorse spines between nasal fossa and edge of premaxillary groove; often 2 or 3 small retrorse spines posteriorly on medial edge of nasal bone (premaxillary groove margin); 2 long opercular spines, the lower about 3/4 length to nearly as long as the upper spine; preopercular spine, 4.45-6.6 in HL; ridge at upper edge of suborbital bones serrate, the serrae decreasing in size posteriorly; 3rd or 4th dorsal spine longest, 1.9-2.25 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.35-1.6 in HL; rounded caudal fin lobes.
habitats Inhabits rocky soil of deep waters. Inhabits in 20-50 meter deep ocean. Nocturnal behaviour, feed during the night. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: southern Japan to Taiwan; also reported from Hawaii. 
Utility Commerical foods species. Edible. Palatable.