Scientific Name
Sargocentron tiere  
Sargocentron tiere赤鰭棘鱗魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 1 - 183M
Chinese 赤鰭棘鱗魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金鱗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F282 Holocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 赤鰭棘鱗魚 
Max Length 33 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鱗甲、鐵甲兵、瀾公妾、鐵線婆 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、LanI Is. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Récifs de la barre de Matavaï, Otaïti [Matavai barrier reef, Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific] 
Synonyms Adioryx elongatus, Adioryx tiere, Holocenthrus polynesiae, Holocentrum elongatum, Holocentrum erythraeum, Holocentrum poecilopterus, Holocentrum tiere, Holocentrus binotatum, Holocentrus tiere, Perca holocentrus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2008);Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Randall, J. E. 1998 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List NMMBP00162. NMMBP00686. NMMBP02481. NMMBP04319. NMMBP04427. NMMBP04444. NMMSTP00893.  
Common Name Red squirrelfish; Ruby squirrelfish; Tahitian squirrelfish; Tahitian squirrel fish; Bluestripe squirrelfish; Blue-lined squirrelfish; Blue lined squirrelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 13-15 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 9 soft rays. Body is red with silvery red stripes overlaid with blue iridescence; spinous portion of dorsal fin red with white-tipped spines and a white blotch in the middle of each membrane; leading edges of pelvic and anal spines white. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.6-2.95 in SL; head length (HL) 2.6-2.9 in SL; snout often shorter than orbit diameter, its length 3.6-3.9 in HL; interorbital width 5.05-5.85 in HL; maxilla extending posteriorly from center of eye to below rear edge of the pupil, upper jaw length 2.2-2.3 in HL; premaxillary groove usually reaching to a vertical at front edge of the orbit; anterior end of nasal bone with 2 short diverging spines; medial margin of nasal bone spineless; large nasal fossa without spinules on margin; slight ridge along the upper edge of suborbital bones with low recumbent spinules in young, becoming smooth in adults, at least below the anterior half of orbit; opercle with 2 large subequal opercular spines; preopercular spine, 3.6-5.2 in HL; short dorsal spines, 3rd to 5th subequal, 4th dorsal spine usually longest, 2.6-3.5 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.5-2.3 in HL.
habitats Occurs along exposed reef margins and outer reef slopes. Has been observed at depth of 183 m in Hawaii. Secretive during the day and hides in holes and crevices of surge channels. Feeds at night on crustaceans, crustacean larvae, polychaete worms, and sma 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and the Austral Islands; throughout Micronesia. 
Utility No commercial species.