Scientific Name
Monocentris japonica  
Monocentris japonica日本松毬魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Houttuyn, 1782) Depth 10 - 200M
Chinese 日本松毬魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 松球魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F279 Monocentridae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 日本松球魚 
Max Length 17 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 松毬魚、鳳梨魚、刺毬 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan [Western North Pacific] 
Synonyms Gasterosteus japonicus, Monocentris carinata, Monocentris cataphracta, Monocentris japonicus, Monocentrus japonicus, Sciaena cataphracta, Sciaena japonica cataphracta   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054353. ASIZP0055598. ASIZP0059561. ASIZP0059605. ASIZP0060410. ASIZP0063158. ASIZP0063247. ASIZP0065081. ASIZP0071538. ASIZP0075281. ASIZP0078980. ASIZP0700140. ASIZP0800046. ASIZP0805663. ASIZP0805868. ASIZP0807298. ASIZP0910046. ASIZP0915868. ASIZP0917298. CAS214590. CAS28173. CAS30306. FRIP00697. FRIP00698. FRIP00699. FRIP20326. NMMBP00593. NMMBP01032. NMMBP03656. NMMBP03678. NMMBP04146. NMMBP04299. NMMBP04522. NMMBP06200. NMMSTP00971. NTMP0060. NTMP0112. ...List all 65 records... 
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2015-12-08,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Pine sculpin; Pineconefish; Pinecone fish; Pineapple fish; Dick bride-groom fish; Knight fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with V-VI spines and 11-12 soft rays; anal fin with no spines and 9-11 soft rays. Body except for caudal peduncle armored with huge, immovable scales. Lateral line scales present but without opening. Dorsal fin spines large, without membrane. Pelvic fin spine large, with locking mechanism. Anal fin without spine. Body yellow, scales outlined in black; lower jaw black. There is a pair of light organs each side of chin.
habitats Found in the sublittoral zone,under ledges and caves of rocky reefs.Forms schools. Adults are found between 20 and 200 m depth, juveniles occasionally in shallower water. Regularly displayed in public aquaria. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa and Mauritius to southern Japan, southwest Sumatra to Bali Strait, Timor Sea in Indonesia, the Arafura Sea, Darwin to Northwest Cape, Australia and from New Zealand 
Utility Commercial species.