Scientific Name
Gephyroberyx darwinii  
Gephyroberyx darwinii達氏橋燧鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Johnson, 1866) Depth 9 - 1210M
Chinese 達氏橋燧鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燧鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F280 Trachichthyidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 達氏橋棘鯛 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燧鯛、燄孔、厚殼、大目孔 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Madeira 
Synonyms Gephyroberys darwinii, Gephyroberyx darwini, Gephyroberyx japonicus, Gephyroberyx orbicularis, Gephyroberyx philippinus, Gephyroberyx robustus, Hoplostethus atlanticus, Trachichthys darwini, Trachichthys darwinii, Trachichthys japonicus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Johnson, J. Y. 1866 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055040. ASIZP0057305. ASIZP0057706. ASIZP0058974. ASIZP0061139. ASIZP0063529. ASIZP0066688. ASIZP0066689. ASIZP0806527. ASIZP0916527. NMMBP02611. NMMSTP01649. NTUM07970.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Darwin's roughy; Darwin's red-fish; Darwin's slimehead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with VII-VIII spines and 13-14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 11-12 soft rays. Head with a concave forehead profile and with large mucous cavities covered by tough skin; mouth large and oblique; opercle and preopercle each with a large strong spine; body deep, about 2.1 times in SL; ventral keel with 10 - 14 very robust scutes; caudal fin forked but rounded. Color of head and body is dusky pink, sides with silvery tinge, fins red; tongue and gill cavity blackish; palate white to red. Pale beet red to light rosy. Back light red to brownish red, lower sides light silvery gray.
habitats Lives close to or on the bottom of the upper continental slope. Prefers hard substrates. Young specimens feed on small shrimps and fish. A deep sea species, nonetheless, the young are often found near the coast. Utilized as fishmeal and source of oil in e 
Distribution Eastern Atlantic: Madeira and the Canary Islands to Senegal, Gulf of Guinea and South Africa. Western Atlantic: southern Scotian Shelf, Canada to Greater Antilles, western Caribbean, Panama and northern Gulf of Mexico. Indo-Pacific: off Natal (South Afric 
Utility Commercial species.