Scientific Name
Chirocentrus dorab  
Chirocentrus dorab寶刀魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 0 - 120M
Chinese 寶刀魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 寶刀魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F096 Chirocentridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 寶刀魚 
Max Length 100 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 西刀、布刀、獅刀鱙 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Ocean、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea; [Mochhae] Al-Mukhā, Yemen, Red Sea 
Synonyms Chirocentris dorab, Chirocentrus hypselosoma, Clupea dentex, Clupea dorab, Esox chirocentrus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Forsskål, P. 1775 Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 THÉODORE MONOD ? 
Specimen List ASIZP0057347. ASIZP0057663. ASIZP0700326. FRIP00393. FRIP03199. NMMBP06429. NMMSTP00563. NTMP0705. NTUM03782. NTUM07527.  
Common Name Silver barfish; Wolf-herring; Wolfherring; Wolf herring; Dorab; Blackfin wolf herring; Dorab wolf herring; Dorab wolf-herring; Dorab wolfherring 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, strongly compressed, belly sharp, but without scutes. Scales cycloid, very small, easily shed est. Mouth relatively large, directed upward. Large canine teeth in both jaws; 2 canine teeth on premaxillae pointing anteriorly. Gill rakers on first gill arch 1 to 4 on upper limb and 10 to 16 on lower limb. Dorsal fin located posterior to vertical through body midpoint. Pectoral fins relatively short (11 to 13% standard length). Pelvic fins very small, with 7 fin rays. Body blue-green with a tinge of violet on back, flanks silvery; upper part of dorsal fin black; anal fin hyaline.
habitats Occurs inshore, including brackish waters. Voracious predators of small schooling fishes, e.g., herrings and anchovies. Feeds mainly on small fishes, but perhaps also crustaceans. 
Distribution Widespread tropical Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea and East Africa to the Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. It is a common species in Taiwan and present in all coastal waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh, frozen or dried and salted.