Scientific Name
Nematalosa japonica  
Nematalosa japonica日本海鰶
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Regan, 1917 Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 日本海鰶 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鯡科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F097 Clupeidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 日本海鰶 
Max Length 19 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁屏仔、油魚、海鯽仔、日本水滑、土黃(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Japan to South China Sea   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Estuary、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Inland Sea of Japan 
Synonyms Spratelloides japonicus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Regan, C. T. 1917 Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0054607. ASIZP0059844. ASIZP0065155. ASIZP0070814. ASIZP0070816. ASIZP0074905. ASIZP0079994. ASIZP0080843. ASIZP0700352. ASIZP0800842. ASIZP0804816. ASIZP0804817. ASIZP0807308. ASIZP0807579. ASIZP0910842. ASIZP0914816. ASIZP0914817. ASIZP0917308. ASIZP0917579. MTP0167. NMMBP02976. NMNSF01253. NTUM07983. NTUM07984. NTUM08651. SU7284.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2015-12-09,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Japanese gizzard shad; Japanese threadfin bream 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body generally more slender than in other species, depth 33 to 38% of standard length; belly with total 30 to 34 scutes. Anterior arm of pre-operculum with a fleshy triangle above, not covered by third infra-orbital bone. Upper jaw with distinct median notch when seen from front; with a single small supramaxilla; lower jaw strongly flared outward. Pectoral axillary scale well developed. Hind edge of scales distinctly toothed. A dark spot behind gill opening.
habitats Schooling near shore over sand or mud. A filter-feeder; Feeds on minute algae or organic matter. Breeds around May in Japanese waters. 
Distribution Distributed in Western Pacific from Matsushima Bay, Sea of Japan southward to Taiwan, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and a single record from Gulf of Thailand. It found in western, southern and northern Taiwanese waters, and Penghu Is.. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, as bait or made into fish balls or fish meals.