Scientific Name
Sardinella lemuru  
Sardinella lemuru黃小沙丁魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bleeker, 1853 Depth 15 - 100M
Chinese 黃小沙丁魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯡科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F097 Clupeidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃澤小沙丁魚 
Max Length 23 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黃小沙丁、青鱗仔、鰮仔、沙丁魚、扁仔、扁鰮、臭肉(臺東)、鰮(澎湖)、竹葉鰮(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Ocean、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Jakarta [Batavia], Java, Indonesia 
Synonyms Amblygaster posterus, Clupea nymphaea, Harengula nymphaea, Sardinella allecia, Sardinella aurita, Sardinella longiceps, Sardinella nymphaea, Sardinella samarensis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0058343. ASIZP0058344. ASIZP0059779. ASIZP0059820. ASIZP0065029. ASIZP0067110. ASIZP0067128. ASIZP0067140. ASIZP0067162. ASIZP0067497. ASIZP0067517. ASIZP0067522. ASIZP0073961. ASIZP0074721. ASIZP0074722. ASIZP0074723. ASIZP0075212. ASIZP0075213. ASIZP0075214. ASIZP0079031. ASIZP0079121. ASIZP0079514. ASIZP0080094. ASIZP0700026. ASIZP0700399. ASIZP0802145. ASIZP0802155. ASIZP0802156. ASIZP0802157. ASIZP0802755. ASIZP0802756. ASIZP0802757. ASIZP0806457. ASIZP0806458. ASIZP0806459. ASIZP0806689. ASIZP0806690. ...List all 73 records... 
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Bali sardinella 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, subcylindrical, depth less than 30% of standard length, abdomenrounded; abdomen keeled with prepelvic and postpelvic scutes ; total number of scutes 32 to 35. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 77 to 188. Pelvic fins with i unbranched and 8 branched soft rays. Vertical striae on scales discontinuous not meeting at centre, without small perforations on posterior part of scale. Body no dark spot at dorsal-fin origin; a faint golden spot behind gill opening, followed by a faint golden midlateral line; also with a distinct black spot at posterior border of gill cover.
habitats Forms large schools in coastal waters, particularly in the Bali Strait upwelling. Found in sheltered bays and lagoons. Feeds on phytoplankton and zooplankton, chiefly copepods. 
Distribution Distributed in Indo-West Pacific from Phuket, Thailand, southern coasts of Java and Bali to Western Australia, north to the Philippines, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and southern Japan. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, as bait, or made into fish meals.