Scientific Name
Sardinella melanura  
Sardinella melanura黑尾小沙丁魚
by: Po-Feng Lee, Cheng-Yi Tsai
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 0 - 50M
Chinese 黑尾小沙丁魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯡科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F097 Clupeidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑尾小沙丁魚 
Max Length 12.2 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黑尾小沙丁、青鱗仔、鰮仔、沙丁魚、扁仔、扁鰮、黑尾鰮(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal  Holotype Locality Vanikoro 
Synonyms Clupea commersonii, Clupea melanura, Clupea otaitensis, Clupeonia commersoni, Clupeonia commersonii, Clupeonia vittata, Harengula melanura, Harengula vanicoris, Harengula vittata, Herklotsichthys vittatus, Sardinella melaneura, Sardinella nigricaudata   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Hiroyuki Motomura, Seishi Kimura etc. 2001 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0056977. ASIZP0059420. ASIZP0059876. ASIZP0065035. ASIZP0066576. ASIZP0066578. ASIZP0066660. ASIZP0070518. ASIZP0071264. ASIZP0072805. ASIZP0072806. ASIZP0072807. ASIZP0074728. ASIZP0078825. ASIZP0079224. ASIZP0079365. ASIZP0079374. ASIZP0079378. ASIZP0801778. ASIZP0801779. ASIZP0801780. ASIZP0805476. ASIZP0805477. ASIZP0805478. ASIZP0806464. ASIZP0911778. ASIZP0911779. ASIZP0911780. ASIZP0915476. ASIZP0915477. ASIZP0915478. ASIZP0916464. FRIP00190. MTP0159. NMMBP02605. NMMBP05370. NMMBP05378. ...List all 43 records... 
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Blacktipped sardine; Black-tipped sardine; Blacktip sardinella 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body fusiform, somewhat compressed, depth usually not much more than 30% of standard length; abdomen with sharply-keeled prepelvic and postpelvic scutes ; total number of scutes 27 to 31. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 38 to 74. Pelvic fins with i unbranched and 7 branched soft rays. Vertical striae on scales discontinuous, with a wide gap at centre, without any perforations on posterior part of scale. Body dorsum blue-green, flanks silvery; no dark spot at dorsal-fin origin; tips of caudal fin jet black.
habitats Forms schools in coastal waters. Feeds on small planktonic organisms. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific from Gulf of Aden south to Madagascar and Mauritius, apparently not south of Bombay nor in northern Bay of Bengal, Indonesia, northward to Taiwan and eastward to Samoa. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, as bait, or made into fish meals. Regarded a robust and very good bait in the tuna fishery.