Scientific Name
Tenualosa reevesii  
Tenualosa reevesii鰣
by: ©The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Author (Richardson, 1846) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯡科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F097 Clupeidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鰣 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 生鰳、三來、錫箔魚 
Distribution in World China   Distribution in Taiwan PonFu 
Habitats Ocean、Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Chinese seas 
Synonyms Alosa reevesii, Clupea sinensis, Hilsa reevesii, Macrura reevesi, Macrura reevesii, Macrura sinensis, Tenualosa reevesi   
Reference 臺灣脊椎動物誌;中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Richardson, J. 1846 陳兼善 1969 Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 陳兼善 原著 于名振 增訂 1986 陳兼善 原著 于名振 增訂 1986 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List FRIP00667. FRIP00674.  
Common Name Seasonal shad; Reeves shad; Reeve's shad; Hilsa herring 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic A moderately large herring-like fish; body moderately deep, compressed, abdomen with 31 or 32 fairly sharply-keeled scutes; pelvic scute with ascending arms. Head large; a median notch in upper jaw, which distinguishes it from other similar clupeids. No fleshy outgrowths on posterior margin of gill opening. Opercle smooth without bony striae. Gill rakers fine and numerous, 80 to 250 on lower part of arch. Scales moderate, 42 to 45 in lateral series, without perforations posteriorly. A dark blotch behind gill opening and a series of spots along flanks.
habitats Schooling in coastal waters and ascending rivers to breed. 
Distribution Only distributed in China and possibly southward into South China Sea, but records uncertain. Eastern Indian Ocean: two specimens collected from Phuket Island, Andaman Sea. It has found in western Penghu Is. before. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted. Used as bait in the tuna fishery.