Scientific Name
Engraulis japonicus  
Engraulis japonicus日本鯷
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 Depth 0 - 200M
Chinese 日本鯷 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯷科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F095 Engraulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 日本鯷 
Max Length 18 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 苦蚵仔、鰯仔、片口、鱙仔、姑仔、黑鱙、苦蠔仔(澎湖)、厚殼鱙(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Atherina japonica, Engraulis capensis, Engraulis japonica, Engraulis zollingeri, Engraulus japonicus, Stolephorus celebicus, Stolephorus zollingeri   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Eduardo, F.B. 1985 Whitehead, P. J. P., G. J. Nelson etc. 1988 高翠萍 1992 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Balart, E.F. 1995 
Specimen List AMNH43475. ASIZP0056572. ASIZP0057980. ASIZP0060880. ASIZP0062741. ASIZP0063292. ASIZP0065483. ASIZP0065897. ASIZP0066003. ASIZP0066044. ASIZP0073399. ASIZP0074715. ASIZP0074716. ASIZP0074879. ASIZP0075337. ASIZP0075341. ASIZP0075356. ASIZP0075360. ASIZP0075372. ASIZP0075375. ASIZP0075399. ASIZP0075408. ASIZP0075422. ASIZP0075510. ASIZP0075515. ASIZP0075520. ASIZP0075558. ASIZP0075589. ASIZP0075599. ASIZP0075603. ASIZP0075643. ASIZP0075683. ASIZP0075693. ASIZP0075699. ASIZP0075921. ASIZP0075946. ASIZP0075947. ...List all 168 records... 
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Southern African anchovy; Cape anchovy; Anchovy; Japanese anchovy 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body slender, elongate, oval in cross-section and little compressed, depth about 6 times in standard length. No pre- or postpelvic scutes; pelvic scute with ascending arms present. maxilla short, tip blunt, reaching posteriorly almost to anterior border of preopercle; not projecting beyond tip of second supramaxilla; anterior tip of lower jaw only reaching to vertical through nostril. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 26 to 30. Dorsal-fin origin just posterior to midpoint of body. Anal fin short, with iii unbranched and 14 to 16 branched fin rays, its origin well posterior to vertical through base of posteriormost dorsal-fin ray. Body brownish or greenish above, silvery white below with a broad silver stripe along flank, becoming paler with age; all fins hyaline; caudal fin pale yellow.
habitats Occurs in large schools near the surface, mainly in coastal waters but as far out as over 1,000 km from the shore. Tends to move more northward and inshore in spring and summer. Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed. Feeds on copepods, but also on oth 
Distribution Distributed in Western Pacific Ocean, from southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost to Taiwan. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters, expecially in northern part. 
Utility Marketed fresh and salted, processed into fishmeal and oil