Scientific Name
Setipinna tenuifilis  
Setipinna tenuifilis黃鯽
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1848) Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 黃鯽 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯷科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F095 Engraulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃鯽 
Max Length 22 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 絲翅鰶、毛口、突臭仔、油扣、刺仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Irwaddy River at Rangoon, Myanmar 
Synonyms Engraulis tenuifilis, Setipinna gilberti, Setipinna godavari, Setipinna godavariensis, Setipinna papuensis, Setipinna taty, Setipinna tenuifilis tenuifilis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P., G. J. Nelson etc. 1988 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0054785. ASIZP0060299. ASIZP0063666. ASIZP0073537. ASIZP0074524. ASIZP0078556. ASIZP0079033. ASIZP0080085. ASIZP0080300. ASIZP0700328. ASIZP0805631. ASIZP0805632. ASIZP0806086. ASIZP0901267. ASIZP0916086. FRIP01027. FRIP01028. FRIP01029. MTP0088. NMMBP05127. NMMBP05210. NMMSTP00922. NTMP0294. NTOU-AE6236. NTOU-AE6237. NTUM03563. NTUM03564. NTUM03565.  
Barcode,,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Common hairfin anchovy; Hairfin anchovy; Hair-fin anchovy 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body strongly compressed, abdomen with complete series of keeled scutes from isthmus to anus; 18 to 20 prepelvic and 7 (sometimes 8) postpelvic scutes; total number of scutes 25 to 27. A small spine-like scute just anterior to dorsal-fin origin. Mouth slightly oblique. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 13 to 17. Dorsal-fin moderately long, its origin about at body midpoint, between verticals through fourth and sixth anal-fin rays. Anal fin long, with iii unbranched and 46 to 56 branched fin rays, its origin anterior to vertical through dorsal-fin origin. Pectoral fins with first fin ray produced as a long filament which reaches posteriorly to base of first to 31st anal-fin ray, total pectoral-fin rays 11 to 13 (mostly 12). Upper lobe of caudal fin not noticeably shorter than lower lobe. Pelvic fins not reaching posteriorly to anus. Head gold, body yellow and stippled above; silver-white below; charcoal borders on scales along dorsal profile; dorsal and caudal fins yellow, stippled charcoal; heavy stippling on borders of fins; anal, pectoral, and pelvic fins pale yellow.
habitats Presumably schooling and occurring mostly in coastal waters, but also entering estuaries. Feeds on prawn, copepods, crustacean larvae, mollusks and fishes. 
Distribution Eastern Indian Ocean: northern and eastern Bay of Bengal coasts, including the Andaman Islands; perhaps southward from the Godavari river. Western Pacific: northern coast of Australia, Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), Gulf of Papua, Sarawak, presumably the Philip 
Utility Feeds on prawns, copepods, crustacean larvae, molluscs, and fishes.