Scientific Name
Thryssa kammalensis  
Thryssa kammalensis赤鼻稜鯷
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1849) Depth 1 - 20M
Chinese 赤鼻稜鯷 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯷科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F095 Engraulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 赤鼻稜鯷 
Max Length 8.3 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 干麥爾劍鰶、突鼻仔、含西 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、PonFu 
Habitats Coastal  Holotype Locality Madura Straits near Kammal and Surabaya, Java, Indonesia 
Synonyms Engraulis kammalensis, Engraulis rhinorhynchos, Engraulis rhinorhyncos, Scutengraulis kammalensis, Thrissa kammalensis, Thrissocles kammalensis, Thryssa kammanensis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P., G. J. Nelson etc. 1988 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List AMNH43477. AMNH43479. NMMSTP00952. NTUM00183. NTUM00184. NTUM00185. NTUM02180. NTUM03569. NTUM03570. NTUM03571. NTUM06415.  
Common Name Madura anchovy; Kammal thryssa 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body compressed, abdomen with 15 or 16 (rarely 17) prepelvic and 8 or 9 (rarely 7) postpelvic scutes; total number of scutes 23 to 25 (rarely 22 or 26). Maxilla moderate, reaching posteriorly just to gill opening or slightly beyond in large fishes. Teeth small or minute, not canine-like. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 26 to 32 (usually 29 or more). A prominent but diffuse dark saddle on nape.
habitats Presumably schooling and occurring mostly inshore. Principle prey items may be prawns and copepods, supplemented by polychaetes and amphipods. 
Distribution Distributed in coastal waters of Indo-West Pacific from Penang and Andaman coast of Thailand and southern Thailand to Singapore, southern Kalimantan, Java, Sulawesi, mainland china and Taiwan. It is common in western Taiwan and Pescadores. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls.