Scientific Name
Thryssa setirostris  
Thryssa setirostris長頜稜鯷
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Broussonet, 1782) Depth 10 - 13M
Chinese 長頜稜鯷 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯷科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F095 Engraulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 長頜稜鯷 
Max Length 18 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 長吻劍鰶、突鼻仔、含西、臭肉仔(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Near Tana Island [Tanna Island, Vanuatu, southwestern Pacific] 
Synonyms Clupea mystacina, Clupea seticornis, Clupea setirostris, Engraulis setirostris, Scutengraulis setirostris, Thrissa setirostris, Thrissocles setirostris, Thryssa macrognathos   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P., G. J. Nelson etc. 1988 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List AMNH38192. ASIZP0056975. ASIZP0058342. ASIZP0062386. ASIZP0063651. ASIZP0900305. ASIZP0901257. CAS53194. FRIP01133. FRIP21023. NMMBP02817. NMMBP05078. NMMBP05150. NMMBP05179. NMMBP05196. NMMSTP00495. NMNSF00482. NMNSF01244. NMNSF01292. NTUM00007Paratype. NTUM02018. NTUM03578. NTUM06154. NTUM08611.  
Common Name Long-horned anchovy; Longjaw thryssa; Long-jaw anchovy; Longjaw glassnose 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body fairly compressed, snout bluntly rounded; abdomen with 16 to 18 prepelvic and 9 or 10 postpelvic scutes; total 25 to 28 scutes. Maxilla very long (increasing with size of fish), reaching posteriorly at least to tip of pectoral fins, usually to pelvic-fin base, or even to anal-fin origin. Teeth small or minute, not canine-like. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 10 to 12. Head with gold tints over pale blue; body silver white, bluish grey above; a diffuse patch of horizontal wavy grey or charcoal lines on shoulder posterior to upper part of gill opening; dorsal and caudal fins dusky to deep yellow, borders charcoal; anal fin deep yellow or white; pectoral and pelvic fins pale yellow.
habitats Presumably schooling occurring mostly close inshore and entering bays and estuaries. Feeds mainly on crustaceans (amphipods, zoae larvae, Acetes). 
Distribution Commonly distributed in tropical and subtropical coastal waters of Indo-West Pacific from Gulf of Oman south to Port Alfred, no records from the Red Sea and Madagascar; coasts of Pakistan, India, probably Burma; Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines to Taiwan; 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls.