Scientific Name
Ilisha melastoma  
Ilisha melastoma黑口鰳
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Depth 5 - 20M
Chinese 黑口鰳 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鋸腹鰳科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F094 Pristigasteridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑口鰳 
Max Length 17 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 短鰳、印度鰳、圓眼仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、PonFu 
Habitats Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Near Coromandel, Tamil Nadu, India 
Synonyms Clupea indicus, Clupea melastoma, Ilisha brachysoma, Ilisha ditchoa, Ilisha indica, Ilisha micropus, Pellona brachysoma, Pellona ditchoa, Pellona micropus, Platygaster verticalis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Whitehead, P. J. P. 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0059983. ASIZP0069729. ASIZP0069736. ASIZP0069737. ASIZP0071554. ASIZP0074487. ASIZP0079236. ASIZP0079370. ASIZP0700366. ASIZP0803254. ASIZP0803255. ASIZP0803256. ASIZP0913254. ASIZP0913255. ASIZP0913256. BMNH1979.3.21.310-311. NMMBP01180. NMMBP01183. NMMBP04169. NMMBP04560. NMMBP05063. NMMBP05220. NMMBP05373. NMNSF01299. NTUM02077. NTUM02131. NTUM03589. NTUM03633. NTUM08689.  
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Herring; Indian ilisha 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Belly with usually 17 to 21 + 8 or 9, total 25 to 30 scutes. Eye large, lower jaw projecting. Dorsal fin origin a little before midpoint of body; anal fin origin under hind part of dorsal fin base. Vertical striae on scales traversing whole scale or overlapping across center of scale. Swim bladder with two tubes passing back in the muscles on either side of haemal spines.
habitats Occurs in coastal waters but enters estuaries and presumably able to tolerate lowered salinities. Feeds on plankton (probably small crustaceans). 
Distribution Distributed in Indo-Pacificfrom Malabar coast to Calcutta, to Java Sea (off Java), Arafura Sea, South China Sea and north to Taiwan. It found in western and northern Taiwanese waters, and Penghu Is.. 
Utility Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, boiled, or made into fishballs.