Scientific Name
Cobitis sinensis  
Cobitis sinensis 中華花鰍
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant, 1874 Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 中華花鰍 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰍科 Economic Fish No 
Family F106 Cobitidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 中華鰍 
Max Length 13.5 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 中華鰍、花鰍、胡溜、沙鰍、沙溜、土鰍 
Distribution in World Eurasia   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Creeks in western Szechwan, China 
Synonyms Cobitis melanoleuca, Cobitis taenia melanoleuca   
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. 臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);3. 臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005);4. 陳義雄、曾晴賢、邵廣昭。2012。臺灣淡水魚類紅皮書。行政院農業委員會,台北。242 pp..  Sauvage, H. E. etc. 1874 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Kim, I.S. etc. 1995 陳義雄,方力行 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 王智文 2005 
Specimen List ASIZP0067584. ASIZP0068834. ASIZP0072601. ASIZP0072602. ASIZP0072603. ASIZP0072667. ASIZP0072668. ASIZP0072669. ASIZP0074405. ASIZP0074422. ASIZP0074472. ASIZP0074632. ASIZP0074654. ASIZP0080140. ASIZP0080214. ASIZP0805284. ASIZP0805285. ASIZP0805286. ASIZP0805350. ASIZP0805351. ASIZP0805352. ASIZP0915284. ASIZP0915285. ASIZP0915286. ASIZP0915350. ASIZP0915351. ASIZP0915352. FRIP00274. NMMBP02635. NMMBP02916. NMMBP02921. NMMBP02927. NMMBP03914. NMMBP03945. NMMBP05892. NMNSF00355. NMNSF00751. ...List all 54 records... 
Barcode2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100% 2011-10-03,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Siberian spiny loach 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     LC 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::LC
Characteristic Head slightly compressed. Snout short. Mouth inferior. Four maxillary barbells, one pairs of mandibular barbells at corner of mouth, two pairs of barbells on chin. Body cylindrical, elongated, posterior laterally compressed; ventral profile horizontal to origin of anal; dorsal profile slightly horizontal. Scales tiny, cycloid, covered by focus; head naked; lateral line unapparent. Longitudinal scales:140-170; dorsal fin rays:3+7; pelvic fin rays:1+6-7; anal fin rays:3+5. Pectoral fins end distant from pelvic fin origin; dorsal fin origin at middle between snout tip and caudal peduncle end; pelvic fin origin slightly behind dorsal fin origin; caudal fin concaved. Color pattern varied, irregularly dark longitudinal stripes along upper side of body. Black stripes in 4-5 rows on caudal fin.
habitats Primary freshwater fish; inhabit in slowing running water with sandy substrate at middle and lower reaches. Hides under rocks or buries in sand. Benthic. Polyphagia, filters sand for organic particle. Possessing ornamental potential. 
Distribution Extensively distributed in Eurasia. Distribution of Taiwan was restricted in rivers of west portion of Central Mountain Range.