Scientific Name
Candidia barbata
Candidia barbata臺灣鬚鱲
by: Yung-Ching Chang
Author (Regan, 1908) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 臺灣鬚鱲 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鬚鱲 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 憨仔魚、一枝花、山鰱仔、臺灣馬口魚、馬口、臺灣馬口鱲、臺灣縱紋鱲、豆仔魚(臺東)  
Distribution in World Taiwan [Endemic in Taiwan]   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、HenChun Semiiland、East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Lake Candidius, Taiwan 
Synonyms Candidia barbatus, Opsariichthys barbatus, Zacco barbata, Zacco barbatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  Regan, C. T. 1908 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ASIZP0065744. ASIZP0065749. ASIZP0073334. ASIZP0073335. ASIZP0073336. ASIZP0074455. ASIZP0074657. ASIZP0074658. ASIZP0080150. ASIZP0080151. ASIZP0080189. ASIZP0080226. ASIZP0801322. ASIZP0801323. ASIZP0805915. ASIZP0805916. ASIZP0805917. ASIZP0911322. ASIZP0911323. ASIZP0915915. ASIZP0915916. ASIZP0915917.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,95% 2012-01-02,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Lake Candidius dace; Formosan stripe dace 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Head moderately large. Snout short. Eye moderately large. Mouth moderately large and protractile; posterior end of upper jaw reaches anterior margin of eye. Body elongated, compressed; dorsal and ventral profile slightly arched. One pair of tiny mandibular barbels at corner of mouth. Scales small, cycloid; lateral line complete and curved above pelvic fin origin. L.l.:54-57; dorsal fin rays:3+7; pectoral fin rays:1+13-14; pelvic fin rays:1+8; anal fin rays:3+9. Pelvic fin origin at midline between snout tip and caudal peduncle end; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fin at lower side of body; anal fin rays long, the longest reaches caudal peduncle end; caudal fin forked. Dark grayish dorsally, silvery white ventrally. A dark strip on middle side of body from posterior end of operculum to caudal peduncle end.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers slow running, clean water with lower temperature. Stay in branches at lower and middle branches, hardly found in trunk stream. The young form schools. Polyphagia. 
Distribution Endemic to western portion of Taiwan, had been introduced to eastern portion. 
Utility Popular with angling and aquarium.